Argan

Argan-Nüsse (Sapotaceae, Argania spinosa), die auf einem grünen Ast in Marokko wachsen
Synonyme:
Arganien
Kategorien: Medizinalpflanze
Argania (Wikipedia)

Argania
Argan Tree near Tafraoute.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Ericales
Family:Sapotaceae
Subfamily:Sapotoideae
Tribe:Sideroxyleae
Genus:Argania
Roem. & Schult.
Species:
A. spinosa
Binomial name
Argania spinosa
Aire de repartition de l'arganier.png
Distribution:
  Argan
Synonyms
  • Argania sideroxylon Roem. & Schult.
  • Sideroxylon spinosum L.
Argan, practices and know-how concerning the argan tree
Argan paste making in Morocco.jpg
Argan paste making
CountryMorocco
Reference955
Inscription history
Inscription2014 (14nd session)
ListRepresentative
Unesco Cultural Heritage logo.svg

Argania (Tashelhit: ⴰⵔⴳⴰⵏ Argan) is a genus of flowering plants containing the sole species Argania spinosa, known as argan, a tree endemic to the calcareous semidesert Sous valley of southwestern Morocco and to the region of Tindouf in southwestern Algeria. Argan trees grow to 8–10 m (26–33 ft) high and live up to approximately 200 years. They are thorny, with gnarled trunks and wide spreading crown. The crown has a circumference of about 70 m (230 ft) and the branches lean towards the ground.

The leaves are small, 2–4 cm (0.79–1.57 in) long, and oval with a rounded apex. The flowers are small, with five pale yellow-green petals; flowering in April. The fruit is 2–4 cm (0.79–1.57 in) long and 1.5–3 cm (0.59–1.18 in) broad, with a thick, bitter peel surrounding a sweet-smelling but unpleasantly flavored layer of pulpy pericarp. This surrounds the very hard nut, which contains one (occasionally two or three) small, oil-rich seeds. The fruit takes over a year to mature, ripening in June to July of the following year.

Argan (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Tashelhit ⴰⵔⴳⴰⵏ (argan).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈɑː(ɹ)ɡən/

Noun

argan (plural argans)

  1. A tree (Argania spinosa) of southwestern Morocco, particularly prized for its oil.
  2. The fruit of this tree.

Translations

Anagrams

  • Nagra, Ragan, grana, ranga

Old Norse

Alternative forms

  • ragan (with metathesis)

Adjective

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