Roem. & Schult.
|Argan, practices and know-how concerning the argan tree|
|Inscription||2014 (14nd session)|
Argania (Tashelhit: ⴰⵔⴳⴰⵏ Argan) is a genus of flowering plants containing the sole species Argania spinosa, known as argan, a tree endemic to the calcareous semidesert Sous valley of southwestern Morocco and to the region of Tindouf in southwestern Algeria. Argan trees grow to 8–10 m (26–33 ft) high and live up to approximately 200 years. They are thorny, with gnarled trunks and wide spreading crown. The crown has a circumference of about 70 m (230 ft) and the branches lean towards the ground.
The leaves are small, 2–4 cm (0.79–1.57 in) long, and oval with a rounded apex. The flowers are small, with five pale yellow-green petals; flowering in April. The fruit is 2–4 cm (0.79–1.57 in) long and 1.5–3 cm (0.59–1.18 in) broad, with a thick, bitter peel surrounding a sweet-smelling but unpleasantly flavored layer of pulpy pericarp. This surrounds the very hard nut, which contains one (occasionally two or three) small, oil-rich seeds. The fruit takes over a year to mature, ripening in June to July of the following year.
From Tashelhit ⴰⵔⴳⴰⵏ (argan).
- IPA(key): /ˈɑː(ɹ)ɡən/
argan (plural argans)
- A tree (Argania spinosa) of southwestern Morocco, particularly prized for its oil.
- The fruit of this tree.
- Nagra, Ragan, grana, ranga
- ragan (with metathesis)