Birne

Reife Bio-Sortenbirnen im Sommergarten.

Pyrus communis

Pyrus_communis (Wikipedia)

Pyrus communis
Pears.jpg
European pear branch with fruit
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Rosales
Family:Rosaceae
Genus:Pyrus
Species:
P. communis
Binomial name
Pyrus communis
Synonyms

Pyrus domestica (L.) Ehrh.

Pyrus communis, known as the European pear or common pear, is a species of pear native to central and eastern Europe and southwest Asia.

It is one of the most important fruits of temperate regions, being the species from which most orchard pear cultivars grown in Europe, North America, and Australia have been developed. Two other species of pear, the Nashi pear (Pyrus pyrifolia) and the hybrid Chinese white or ya pear (Pyrus × bretschneideri, Chinese: 白梨; pinyin: báilí) are more widely grown in East Asia.

Pear (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Middle English pere, from Old English pere, common North and West Germanic, from Vulgar Latin *pira, originally the plural of Latin pirum but reconstrued as a feminine singular. Cognate with Saterland Frisian Peere (pear), Dutch peer (pear), Danish pære (pear), French poire (pear), German Birne (pear)

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