Euphrasia

Blühender Augentrost, Euphrasia stricta, berühmte Heilpflanze

Euphrasia officinalis

Synonyme:
Augentrost
Euphrasia (Wikipedia)

Euphrasia
Augentrost.jpg
Euphrasia rostkoviana
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Lamiales
Family:Orobanchaceae
Tribe:Rhinantheae
Genus:Euphrasia
L.
Species

About 450, see text

Euphrasia, or eyebright, is a genus of about 450 species of herbaceous flowering plants in the family Orobanchaceae (formerly included in the Scrophulariaceae), with a cosmopolitan distribution. They are semi-parasitic on grasses and other plants. The common name refers to the plant's use in treating eye infections.

Many species are found in alpine or sub-alpine meadows where snow is common. Flowers usually are borne terminally, are zygomorphic, and have a lower petal shaped like a lip. The most common flower colours are purple, blue-white, and violet. Some species have yellow markings on the lower petal to act as a guide to pollinating insects.

Alternative names, mainly in herbalism, are Augentrostkraut, Euphrasiae herba, Herba Euphrasiae and Herbe d'Euphraise.

Euphrasia (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From the genus name.

Noun

euphrasia (plural euphrasias)

  1. Any of many flowering plants of the genus Euphrasia

Synonyms

  • eyebright

Further reading

  • euphrasia on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • euphrasia on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
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