Flachs

Leinsamen auf Holzlöffel

Linum usitatissimum

Synonyme:
Leinsamen, Leinsamen, Alsi
Flax (Wikipedia)

Flax
Linum usitatissimum - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-088.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Linaceae
Genus:Linum
Species:
L. usitatissimum
Binomial name
Linum usitatissimum
Synonyms
  • Linum crepitans (Boenn.) Dumort.
  • Linum humile Mill.
  • Linum indehiscens (Neilr.) Vavilov & Elladi

Flax, also known as common flax or linseed, is a flowering plant, Linum usitatissimum, in the family Linaceae. It is cultivated as a food and fiber crop in regions of the world with temperate climate. Textiles made from flax are known in Western countries as linen, and are traditionally used for bed sheets, underclothes, and table linen. Its oil is known as linseed oil. In addition to referring to the plant itself, the word "flax" may refer to the unspun fibers of the flax plant. The plant species is known only as a cultivated plant, and appears to have been domesticated just once from the wild species Linum bienne, called pale flax. The plants called "flax" in New Zealand are, by contrast, members of the genus Phormium.

Flax (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Old English fleax, from Proto-Germanic *flahsą, from Proto-Indo-European *pleḱ- (to plait). Cognate with Old Frisian flax, Old Saxon *flahs (Dutch vlas), Old High German flahs (German Flachs); the Northern Germanic (and most likely the Gothic too) stem is different.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /flæks/
  • Rhymes: -æks

Noun

flax (countable and uncountable, plural flaxes)

  1. A plant of the genus Linum, especially Linum usitatissimum
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