Gardenie

Nahaufnahme einer weißen Gardenie

Gardenie jasminoides

Synonyme:
Zhi Zi, Gandhraj

Gardenia jasminoides
Gardenia jasminoides flower Argentina.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Gentianales
Family:Rubiaceae
Genus:Gardenia
Species:
G. jasminoides
Binomial name
Gardenia jasminoides
Synonyms
List
    • Jasminum capense Mill.
    • Gardenia angustifolia G.Lodd.
    • Gardenia augusta Merr.
    • Gardenia augusta f. shanpinensis F.C.Ho
    • Gardenia florida L.
    • Gardenia grandiflora Lour.
    • Gardenia grandiflora Siebold ex Zucc.
    • Gardenia jasminoides f. kueishanensis F.C.Ho
    • Gardenia jasminoides f. longicarpa Z.M.Xie & M.Okada
    • Gardenia longisepala (Masam.) Masam.
    • Gardenia pictorum Hassk.
    • Gardenia radicans Thunb.
    • Genipa florida (L.) Baill.
    • Genipa grandiflora (Lour.) Baill.
    • Genipa radicans (Thunb.) Baill.
    • Mussaenda chinensis Lour.
    • Warneria augusta L.
Fruit

Gardenia jasminoides, commonly known as gardenia, is an evergreen flowering plant of the coffee family Rubiaceae. It originated in Asia and is most commonly found growing wild in Vietnam, Southern China, Korea, Taiwan, Japan, Myanmar, India and Bangladesh. Wild plants range from 30 cm to 3 m high and have a rounded habit with very dense branches with opposite leaves, lanceolate-oblong, leathery or gathered in groups on the same node and by a dark green, shiny and slightly waxy surface and prominent veins.

With its shiny green leaves and heavily fragrant white summer flowers, it is widely used in gardens in warm temperate and subtropical climates, and as a houseplant in temperate regions. It has been in cultivation in China for at least a thousand years, and was introduced to English gardens in the mid-18th century. Many varieties have been bred for horticulture, with low-growing, and large, and long-flowering forms.

Gardenia (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From New Latin, named after Scottish naturalist Dr. Alexander Garden.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ɡɑɹˈdinjə/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ɡɑːˈdiːnjə/
  • Hyphenation: gar‧de‧nia

Noun

gardenia (plural gardenias)

  1. Any of various tropical evergreen small trees or shrubs, of the genus Gardenia, having glossy leaves and white flowers.
  2. The flower of these plants.

Translations

See also

  • Cape jasmine (Gardenia jasminoides)

References

  • Gardenia on Wikipedia.
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