|Tree in summer|
Carpinus betulus, the European or common hornbeam, is a species of tree in the birch family Betulaceae, native to Western Asia and central, eastern, and southern Europe, including southern England. It requires a warm climate for good growth, and occurs only at elevations up to 1,000 metres (3,281 ft). It grows in mixed stands with oak, and in some areas beech, and is also a common tree in scree forests. Hornbeam was also known as 'Yoke Elm'.
c. 1570, from Old English horn + beam (“tree”)
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhɔːnˌbiːm/
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈhɔɹnˌbim/
hornbeam (plural hornbeams)
- A tree of the genus Carpinus, having a smooth gray bark and a ridged trunk, the wood being white and very hard, common along the banks of streams in the United States.
- A hop hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana).
- The wood of these trees.
- hornbeech, ironwood, musclewood