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Carpinus betulus

Carpinus_betulus (Wikipedia)

Carpinus betulus
Carpinus betulus - Hunsrück 001.jpg
Tree in summer
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Fagales
Family:Betulaceae
Genus:Carpinus
Species:
C. betulus
Binomial name
Carpinus betulus
Carpinus betulus range.svg
Distribution map

Carpinus betulus, the European or common hornbeam, is a species of tree in the birch family Betulaceae, native to Western Asia and central, eastern, and southern Europe, including southern England. It requires a warm climate for good growth, and occurs only at elevations up to 1,000 metres (3,281 ft). It grows in mixed stands with oak, and in some areas beech, and is also a common tree in scree forests. Hornbeam was also known as 'Yoke Elm'.

Hornbeam (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

c. 1570, from Old English horn + beam (tree)

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈhɔːnˌbiːm/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈhɔɹnˌbim/

Noun

hornbeam (plural hornbeams)

  1. A tree of the genus Carpinus, having a smooth gray bark and a ridged trunk, the wood being white and very hard, common along the banks of streams in the United States.
  2. A hop hornbeam (Ostrya virginiana).
  3. The wood of these trees.

Synonyms

  • hornbeech, ironwood, musclewood
...
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