Baum des Himmels

Ailanthus altissima Nahaufnahme
Synonyme:
Chouchun
Kategorien: Medizinalpflanze

Tree of heaven
Götterbaum (Ailanthus altissima).jpg
Large specimen growing in a park in Germany
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Sapindales
Family:Simaroubaceae
Genus:Ailanthus
Species:
A. altissima
Binomial name
Ailanthus altissima
Synonyms
  • Ailanthus cacodendron (Ehrh.) Schinz & Thell.
  • Ailanthus erythrocarpa Carrière
  • Ailanthus giraldii Dode
  • Ailanthus glandulosa Desf.
  • Ailanthus guangxiensis S.L.Mo
  • Ailanthus japonica K.Koch
  • Ailanthus japonica Dippel
  • Ailanthus peregrina (Buc'hoz) F.A.Barkley
  • Ailanthus pongelion J.F.Gmel.
  • Ailanthus procera Salisb.
  • Ailanthus rhodoptera F.Muell.
  • Ailanthus sinensis Dum.Cours. nom. illeg.
  • Ailanthus sutchuensis Dode
  • Ailanthus vilmoriniana Dode
  • Albonia peregrina Buc'hoz
  • Choerospondias auriculata D.Chandra
  • Rhus cacodendron Ehrh.
  • Toxicodendron altissimum Mill.

Ailanthus altissima /ˈlænθəs ælˈtɪsɪmə/, commonly known as tree of heaven, ailanthus, varnish tree, or in Chinese as chouchun (Chinese: 椿; pinyin: chòuchūn), is a deciduous tree in the family Simaroubaceae. It is native to northeast and central China, and Taiwan. Unlike other members of the genus Ailanthus, it is found in temperate climates rather than the tropics.

The tree grows rapidly and is capable of reaching heights of 15 m (50 feet) in 25 years. While the species rarely lives more than 50 years, some specimens exceed 100 years of age. Its suckering ability makes it possible for this tree to clone itself indefinitely. It is considered a noxious weed and vigorous invasive species, and one of the worst invasive plant species in Europe and North America.

Tree of Heaven (Wiktionary)

English

Alternative forms

  • heaven tree

Noun

tree of heaven (plural trees of heaven)

  1. An Asiatic tree (Ailanthus altissima) having foliage similar to that of the sumacs and ill-scented staminate flowers, much used in traditional Chinese medicine, but considered invasive and often subject to control efforts.

Synonyms

  • (tree): ailanthus, Chinese sumac, stinking chun, heavenwood, paradise tree, varnish tree, ghetto palm, copal tree, stink tree, ashcan tree

Translations

References

  • Ailanthus altissima on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
  • Ailanthus altissima on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
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