Daucus Carota Sativa
D. c. subsp. sativus
|Daucus carota subsp. sativus|
The carrot (Daucus carota subsp. sativus) is a root vegetable, usually orange in color, though purple, black, red, white, and yellow cultivars exist. They are a domesticated form of the wild carrot, Daucus carota, native to Europe and Southwestern Asia. The plant probably originated in Persia and was originally cultivated for its leaves and seeds. The most commonly eaten part of the plant is the taproot, although the stems and leaves are also eaten. The domestic carrot has been selectively bred for its greatly enlarged, more palatable, less woody-textured taproot.
The carrot is a biennial plant in the umbellifer family, Apiaceae. At first, it grows a rosette of leaves while building up the enlarged taproot. Fast-growing cultivars mature within three months (90 days) of sowing the seed, while slower-maturing cultivars need a month longer (120 days). The roots contain high quantities of alpha- and beta-carotene, and are a good source of vitamin K and vitamin B6.
The United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) reports that world production of carrots and turnips (these plants are combined by the FAO) for 2018 was 40 million tonnes, with 45% of the world total grown in China. Carrots are widely used in many cuisines, especially in the preparation of salads, and carrot salads are a tradition in many regional cuisines.
From Middle English karette and Middle French carotte, both from Latin carōta, from Ancient Greek καρῶτον (karôton). Doublet of carotte.
- Noun sense of "motivational tool" refers to carrot and stick.
- Verb sense in felt manufacture refers to the orange colour of drying furs.
- (General American) enPR: kâr'ət, IPA(key): /ˈkæɹ.ət/; enPR: kĕr'ət, IPA(key): /ˈkɛɹ.ət/
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: kâr'ət, IPA(key): /ˈkæɹ.ət/