Kumquat

Kumquat-Früchte auf altem Holztisch

Citrus japonica

Kumquat (Wikipedia)

Kumquat
Kumquat.jpeg
Malayan kumquat foliage and fruit, Malaysia
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Sapindales
Family:Rutaceae
Genus:Citrus
Species:
C. japonica
Binomial name
Citrus japonica
Synonyms
  • Atalantia hindsii (Champ. ex Benth.) Oliv.
  • Atalantia polyandra Ridley
  • Citrus aurantium olivaeformis Risso
  • Citrus aurantium var. japonica Hook
  • Citrus erythrocarpa Hayata
  • Citrus hindsii (Champ. ex Benth.) Govaerts
  • Citrus inermis Roxb.
  • Citrus kinokuni Yu.Tanaka
  • Citrus madurensis Lour.
  • Citrus margarita Lour.
  • Citrus microcarpa Bunge
  • Fortunella bawangica C.C.Huang
  • Fortunella chintou (Swingle) C.C. Huang
  • Fortunella crassifolia Swingle
  • Fortunella hindsii (Champ. ex Benth.) Swingle
  • Fortunella japonica (Thunb.) Swingle
  • Fortunella margarita (Lour.) Swingle
  • Fortunella obovata Tanaka
  • Fortunella polyandra (Ridley)
  • Fortunella swinglei Tanaka
  • Limonellus madurensis Rumph
  • Sclerostylis hindsii Champ. ex Benth.
  • Sclerostylis venosa Champ. ex Benth.
  • × Citrofortunella madurensis (Lour.) D.Rivera & al.

Kumquats (or cumquats in Australian English, /ˈkʌmkwɒt/; Citrus japonica) are a group of small kumming trees in the flowering plant family Rutaceae. They were previously classified as forming the now-historical genus Fortunella, or placed within Citrus, sensu lato.

The edible fruit closely resembles the orange (Citrus sinensis) in color and shape but is much smaller, being approximately the size of a large olive. Kumquat is a fairly cold-hardy citrus.

Kumquat (Wiktionary)

English

Alternative forms

  • cumquat

Etymology

From Cantonese 柑橘 (gam1 gwat1) or 金橘 (gam1 gwat1, literally golden tangerine). Related to loquat – same second character.

Pronunciation

  • (General American) IPA(key): /ˈkʌmkwɑt/
  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈkʌmkwɒt/
  • Hyphenation: kum‧quat

Noun

kumquat (plural kumquats)

  1. A small, orange citrus-like fruit which is native to
...
« Zurück zum Glossar-Index
Vorheriger ArtikelKoreanische Melone
Nächster ArtikelTamarinde