|European larch in l'A Bran, (1798 m) Val d'Annivier.|
Larix decidua, the European larch, is a species of larch native to the mountains of central Europe, in the Alps and Carpathian Mountains as well as the Pyrenees, with disjunct lowland populations in northern Poland and southern Lithuania. It is widely naturalized in Scandinavia. Its life span has been confirmed to be close to 1000 years (with claims of up to 2000 years) but is more often around 200 years. It is claimed that one of the larches planted by the second Duke of Atholl at Dunkeld in 1738 is still standing.
From early modern German Larche, Lärche, from Middle High German larche, from Old High German larihha, early borrowing from Latin larix, itself possibly of Gaulish origin.
- (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈlɑːtʃ/
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈlɑɹtʃ/
- Rhymes: -ɑː(r)tʃ
larch (plural larches)
- (countable) A coniferous tree, of genus Larix, having deciduous leaves, in fascicles.
- 1665, John