Linse

Grüne Linsen mit einem Löffel auf einem Holztisch Draufsicht

Linse culinaris

Lentil (Wikipedia)

Lentil
3 types of lentil.png
Puy (left), green, and red (right) lentils
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Fabales
Family:Fabaceae
Genus:Lens
Species:
L. culinaris
Binomial name
Lens culinaris
Medik.
Subspecies
  • Lens culinaris subsp. culinaris – cultivated lentil
  • Lens culinaris subsp. orientalis (Boiss.) Ponert – wild progenitor
  • Lens culinaris subsp. tomentosus (Ladiz.) M. E. Ferguson et al.
Synonyms
  • Lens esculenta Moench

The lentil (Lens culinaris or Lens esculenta) is an edible legume. It is an annual plant known for its lens-shaped seeds. It is about 40 cm (16 in) tall, and the seeds grow in pods, usually with two seeds in each. As a food crop, the majority of world production comes from Canada and India, producing 58% combined of the world total.

In cuisines of the Indian subcontinent, where lentils are a staple, split lentils (often with their hulls removed) known as daal are often cooked into a thick curry/gravy that is usually eaten with rice or rotis.

Lentil (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Middle English lentile, from Old French lentille from Latin lenticula, diminutive of lēns, from a Proto-Indo-European root shared by German Linse and Ancient Greek λάθυρος (láthuros). Doublet of lenticula.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈlɛntəl/
  • Rhymes: -ɛntəl
  • Hyphenation: len‧til

Noun

lentil (plural lentils)

  1. Any of several plants of the genus Lens, especially Lens culinaris, from southwest Asia, that have edible
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