Patschuli

Ein Blick auf die blühende Patchouli-Pflanze, auch bekannt als Pogostemon cablin, die in der Aromatherapie, in ätherischen Ölen und in der Kräutermedizin verwendet wird.

Pogostemon cablin

Patchouli (Wikipedia)

Patchouli
Pogostemon cablin 001.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Lamiales
Family:Lamiaceae
Genus:Pogostemon
Species:
P. cablin
Binomial name
Pogostemon cablin
(Blanco) Benth.
Synonyms

Nilam, Patchouly

Patchouli (/pəˈli/; Pogostemon cablin), from Tamil paccuḷi, is a species of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, commonly called the mint or deadnettle family. The plant grows as a bushy perennial herb, with erect stems reaching up to 75 centimetres (2.5 ft) in height and bearing small, pale pink-white flowers.

It is native to the island region of Southeast Asia, including Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, and the Philippines.It is also found in many parts of North East India. Noted for its fragrant essential oil, it has many commercial uses and is now extensively cultivated in tropical climates around the world, especially in Asia, Madagascar, and South America and the Caribbean. Indonesia currently produces over 90% of the global volume of patchouli oil (~1,600 metric tons).

Patchouli (Wiktionary)

English

Alternative forms

  • patchouly, pachouli

Etymology

Borrowed from French patchouli, from Tamil பச்சை (paccai, green) + இலை (ilai, leaf).

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /pəˈtʃuli/

Noun

patchouli (countable and uncountable, plural patchoulis)

  1. Any of several East Indian plants in the genus Pogostemon, especially Pogostemon cablin, which yield a highly fragrant
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