Lophophora williamsii, Lophophora diffusa
|Peyote in the wild|
Echinocactus williamsii Lemaire ex Salm-Dyck
The peyote //, scientific name Lophophora williamsii / /, is a small, spineless cactus with psychoactive alkaloids, particularly mescaline. Peyote is a Spanish word derived from the Nahuatl peyōtl [ˈpejoːt͡ɬ], meaning "caterpillar cocoon", from a root peyōni, "to glisten". Peyote is native to Mexico and southwestern Texas. It is found primarily in the Sierra Madre Occidental, the Chihuahuan Desert and in the states of Nayarit, Coahuila, Nuevo León, Tamaulipas, and San Luis Potosí among scrub. It flowers from March to May, and sometimes as late as September. The flowers are pink, with thigmotactic anthers (like Opuntia).
From Spanish peyote, from Classical Nahuatl peyotl.
- IPA(key): /peɪˈjoʊti/
peyote (plural peyotes)
- A small, spineless cactus (Lophophora williamsii) found from southwest United States to central Mexico that produces buttonlike tubercles that can be chewed for its psychedelic effect, primarily from the drug mescaline.
- A mescal button produced by the plant.
- (Lophophora williamsii): mescal
- peyote on