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Prunus persica

Peach (Wikipedia)

Peach
Illustration Prunus persica0.jpg
Peach flower, fruit, seed and leaves as illustrated by Otto Wilhelm Thomé (1885)
Photograph showing a peach in cross section with yellow flesh and a single large reddish brown pit
Autumn Red peaches, cross section showing freestone variety
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Rosales
Family:Rosaceae
Genus:Prunus
Subgenus:Prunus subg. Amygdalus
Species:
P. persica
Binomial name
Prunus persica
(L.) Batsch 1801 not Stokes 1812 nor (L.) Siebold & Zucc. 1845
Synonyms
Synonymy
  • Amygdalus persica L. 1753
  • Amygdalus persica var. aganonucipersica (Schübl. & G.Martens) T.T.Yu & L.T.Lu
  • Amygdalus persica var. compressa (Loudon) T.T.Yu & L.T.Lu
  • Amygdalus persica var. scleronucipersica (Schübl. & G.Martens) T.T.Yu & L.T.Lu
  • Amygdalus persica var. scleropersica (Rchb.) T.T.Yu & L.T.Lu
  • Persica platycarpa Decne.
  • Persica vulgaris Mill.
  • Persica vulgaris var. compressa Loudon
  • Prunus daemonifuga H.Lév. & Vaniot
  • Prunus persica (L.) Stokes
  • Prunus persica (L.) Siebold & Zucc.
  • Prunus persica f. aganonucipersica (Schübl. & G.Martens) Rehder
  • Prunus persica var. compressa (Loudon) Bean
  • Prunus persica var. lasiocalyx H.Lév. & Vaniot
  • Prunus persica var. platycarpa (Decne.) L.H.Bailey
  • Prunus persica subsp. platycarpa (Decne.) D. Rivera, Obón, S. Ríos, Selma, F. Mendez, Verde & F.Cano
  • Prunus persica f. scleropersica (Rchb.) Voss
  • Amygdalus nucipersica (L.) Rchb.
  • Persica nucipersica (L.) Borkh.
  • Amygdalus potanini (Batalin) T.T.Yu
  • Persica potaninii (Batalin) Kovalev & Kostina

The peach (Prunus persica) is a deciduous tree native to the region of Northwest China between the Tarim Basin and the north slopes of the Kunlun Mountains, where it was first domesticated and cultivated. It bears edible juicy fruits with various characteristics, most called peaches and others (the glossy-skinned varieties), nectarines.

The specific name persica refers to its widespread cultivation in Persia (modern-day Iran), from where it was transplanted to Europe. It belongs to the genus Prunus, which includes the cherry, apricot, almond, and plum, in the rose family. The peach is classified with the almond in the subgenus Amygdalus, distinguished from the other subgenera by the corrugated seed shell. Due to their close relatedness, the kernel of a peach stone tastes remarkably similar to almond, and peach stones are often used to make a cheap version of marzipan, known as persipan.

Peaches and nectarines are the same species, though they are regarded commercially as different fruits. The skin of nectarines lacks the fuzz (fruit-skin trichomes) that peach skin has; a mutation in a single gene (MYB25) is thought to be responsible for the difference between the two.

In 2018, China produced 62% of the world total of peaches and nectarines.

Peach (Wiktionary)

English

Pronunciation

  • enPR: pēch, IPA(key): /piːt͡ʃ/
  • Rhymes: -iːtʃ

Etymology 1

From Middle English peche, borrowed from Old French pesche (French pêche), Vulgar Latin *pessica (cf. Medieval Latin pesca) from Late Latin persica, from Classical Latin mālum persicum, from Ancient Greek μᾶλον περσικόν (mâlon persikón, Persian apple).

Noun

peach (plural

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