Tamarinde

Frische Tamarinde, gesundheitliche Vorteile

Tamarindus indica

Tamarind (Wikipedia)

Tamarind
Tamarindus indica pods.JPG
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Fabales
Family:Fabaceae
Subfamily:Detarioideae
Tribe:Amherstieae
Genus:Tamarindus
L.
Species:
T. indica
Binomial name
Tamarindus indica
L. 1753
Synonyms
  • Cavaraea Speg. 1916
  • Cavaraea elegans Speg. 1916
  • Tamarindus erythraeus Mattei 1908
  • Tamarindus occidentalis Gaertn. 1791
  • Tamarindus officinalis Hook. 1851
  • Tamarindus somalensis Matteqi 1908
  • Tamarindus umbrosa Salisb. 1796

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica) is a leguminous tree (family Fabaceae) bearing edible fruit that is indigenous to tropical Africa. The genus Tamarindus is monotypic, meaning that it contains only this species.

The tamarind tree produces brown, pod-like fruits that contain a sweet, tangy pulp, which is used in cuisines around the world. The pulp is also used in traditional medicine and as a metal polish. The tree's wood can be used for woodworking and tamarind seed oil can be extracted from the seeds. Tamarind's tender young leaves are used in Indian and Filipino cuisine. Because tamarind has multiple uses, it is cultivated around the world in tropical and subtropical zones.

Tamarind (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Late Middle English thamarynde, from Old French tamarinde, from Medieval Latin tamarindus, from Arabic تَمْر هِنْدِيّ(tamr hindiyy, literally Indian date).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈtæməɹɪnd/

Noun

tamarind (countable and uncountable, plural tamarinds)

  1. (botany) A tropical tree, Tamarindus indica.
  2. (cooking) The fruit of this tree; the pulp is used as spice in Asian cooking and in Worcestershire sauce.
  3. Other similar species:
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