Tribulus Terrestris

Makro Teufelsdorn-Blütenbild

Tribulus terrestris

Synonyme:
Teufel's Dorn, Puncture Vine, Baijili

Tribulus terrestris
Tribulus terrestris (Family Zygophyllaceae).jpg
Leaves and flower
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Zygophyllales
Family:Zygophyllaceae
Genus:Tribulus
Species:
T. terrestris
Binomial name
Tribulus terrestris
Varieties
  • Tribulus terrestris var. bicornutus
  • Tribulus terrestris var. inermis
  • Tribulus terrestris var. robustus
  • Tribulus terrestris var. terrestris

Tribulus terrestris is an annual plant in the caltrop family (Zygophyllaceae) widely distributed around the world. It is adapted to grow in dry climate locations in which few other plants can survive. It is native to warm temperate and tropical regions in southern Eurasia and Africa. It has been unintentionally introduced to North America and Australia. An aggressive and hardy invasive species, T. terrestris is widely known as a noxious weed because of its small woody fruit – the bur – having long sharp and strong spines which easily penetrate surfaces, such as bare feet or thin shoes of crop workers and other pedestrians, the rubber of bicycle tires, and the mouths and skin of grazing animals.

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