Vanille

Nahaufnahme von Vanille Pflanze grüne Schote auf Plantage. Landwirtschaft in tropischem Klima.

Vanille planifolia

Vanilla_planifolia (Wikipedia)

Vanilla planifolia
Vanilla planifolia - Köhler–s Medizinal-Pflanzen-278.jpg
1887 illustration from
Köhler's Medicinal Plants
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Monocots
Order:Asparagales
Family:Orchidaceae
Subfamily:Vanilloideae
Genus:Vanilla
Species:
V. planifolia
Binomial name
Vanilla planifolia
Jacks. ex Andrews
Synonyms
  • Epidendrum rubrum Lam.
  • Myrobroma fragrans Salisb. nom. illeg.
  • Notylia planifolia (Jacks. ex Andrews) Conz.
  • Notylia sativa (Schiede) Conz.
  • Notylia sylvestris (Schiede) Conz. nom. illeg.
  • Vanilla aromatica Willd. nom. illeg.
  • Vanilla bampsiana Geerinck
  • Vanilla duckei Huber
  • Vanilla fragrans Ames nom. illeg.
  • Vanilla rubra (Lam.) Urb.
  • Vanilla sativa Schiede
  • Vanilla sylvestris Schiede
  • Vanilla viridiflora Blume

Vanilla planifolia is a species of vanilla orchid. It is native to Mexico and Belize. It is one of the primary sources for vanilla flavouring, due to its high vanillin content. Common names include flat-leaved vanilla, and West Indian vanilla (also used for the Pompona vanilla, V. pompona). Often, it is simply referred to as "the vanilla". It was first scientifically named in 1808. With the species' population in decline and its habitats being converted to other purposes, the IUCN has assessed Vanilla planifolia as Endangered.

Vanilla (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Spanish vainilla, a diminutive form of vaina (pod).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /vəˈnɪlə/
  • Rhymes: -ɪlə
  • IPA(key): /vəˈnɛlə/
  • Rhymes: -ɛlə

Noun

vanilla (countable and uncountable, plural vanillas)

  1. (countable) Any tropical, climbing orchid of the genus Vanilla (especially Vanilla planifolia), bearing podlike fruit yielding an extract used in flavoring food or in perfumes.
  2. (countable) The fruit or bean of the vanilla plant.
    Synonym: vanilla bean
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