The formal herb garden developed and designed properly is possibly the pinnacle of herb gardening! The best examples of these types of gardens are often located around the grounds of stately homes and mansions. They were originally made to be looked down upon from the top terraces or flooring of these grand houses.
The key features of these gardens are meticulous and time consuming hedges and topiaries layered in layouts reflecting the beauty of the geometric world. In the hands on a genuine backyard artist, wheels, perfect circles and all manner of shapes are modelled and crafted to make breathtaking pieces of living art.
Formal herb gardens must consist of finely cut borders and hedges, well defined lines, low walls, and should always include a centrepiece like a statue, sundial or fountains to make a strong focal point.
Because they grow well in confined spaces and are more tolerant of varying water levels in their land, many herbs are perfect candidates for a Rock Garden. This sort of garden requires extra work however in the subject of pruning and control of your herb plants development, because of the fact that a number of the more vigorous herbaceous plants out there can attempt to take over your garden! You should attempt to find stones for your rockery that appear natural and take note of how they pile and put together in their original surroundings. The ideal rockery’s look as if they are obviously there and you’ve built your home around it! Some herbs that are great for a Rock Garden are Betony, Bugle, Schnittlauch, Columbine, Thymian, Lavendel, Creeping Rosmarin und Schafgarbe.
The idea for a Cottage herb garden appears to be a huge mess but really it’s a carefully thought out, planned connection of a combination of herbs, fruit trees, shrubs and perennials in a beautiful blend of colors and textures that looks great throughout the year.
Topiaries are the “artist’s herb garden”. Creating topiary demands patience, hard work and almost constant pruning and shaping of your herb plants to make these shapes as pyramids, arches, columns and balls. In some wonderfully gifted gardener’s instances, even creatures and buildings appear at the hands of those talented craftsmen.
There are two chief ways to make these structures. Train the plant from a young age by pruning and staking or produce the framework of your favorite design from metal or cable and grow the plant within the construction, pruning it into its new shape with time. Some great herbs to use for these kinds of gardens are ivy, honeysuckle, mint, bay laurel, cypress, buxus and lavender to name but a few. The secret to achieving a fantastic topiary is regular pruning. It can be all but impossible to return an overgrown topiary back to its original type.
The notion of hedge herb gardens actually deserves its own article on account of the many diverse forms they can take. The important ideals of a hedge herb garden however are to maintain them nicely pruned and manicured, expand the hedge to have a slight taper from top to bottom to permit decent light through the base of the hedge and be certain that the distance between hedging plants is less than half the planned height of the hedge. Additionally it is wise to keep a few additional pottedplants, growing plants of the same type as your own hedge to permit for replanting of dead regions of your hedge.
A perennial border is normally made out of herbs like mint, lemon balm, bergamot, fennel, angelica and other such as ginseng. It’s a terrific concept because in the warmer months once the blossoms are in full flight, they disperse and fill their garden bed with color and fragrance. Then when the warmer months set in, they die back to their root systems leaving a bare strip that produces a more spacious look.
Xeriscape gardens are fantastic for those anglers confronting the tragic burden of water restrictions! A xeriscape is understood to be a specially designed garden containing plants with similar water conditions. Many herbs fall into the category of a minimal water, drought resistant xeriscape and many culinary herbs may actually be successfully grown in regions only getting a paltry 1cm of water per week!
You may identify herbs that will succeed in such states by their leaves and also roots. Those herbs with little silvery colored leaves, long tap root systems and also herbs originating from the hot dry areas of the Mediterranean will thrive in a xeriscape garden. These gardens are best watered infrequently, but deeply, to promote deep root growth. A great suggestion is not to water these plants when they seem strong and vigorous. If they don’t appear to recover when the heat of the day has gone, then it’s time to give them a drink! Great herbs in a xeriscape are Artemisia, Betony, Katzenminze, Kamille, Jerusalem, Majoran, Rosemary, Thyme and Yarrow however there are many more.
This brings us to the end of the introduction to a number of the most popular types and layouts for herb gardens. Choose one that suits you, your surroundings and your environment or just create your own! The choice is yours!