In the next and final portion of a three part series on cosmetic essentials, we’ll outline the basic ingredients used in making cosmetics. It’s vital that you grasp these principles as many if not all these ingredients have to be handled with extreme caution.

Basic Principles

There are a few basic principles to be followed when managing these ingredients. For example an integral guideline to be followed is to make certain that the person for whom you’re making the cosmetic product does not have an allergic reaction to any of those components. The best way to make certain that you don’t have an allergic reaction would be to perform a pap test on the inside of your forearm, cover it with gauze or a band-aid, leave it on overnight and if the next day there are no signs of irritation or redness, you can consider it safe to use. Of course if you’re making cosmetics for somebody else, the one thing you can do is give a clear label with the elements of the makeup so the individual can decide whether it’s safe for them to use.

Some other important rules are to make sure that while making the makeup your hands are clean and dry. There’s nothing worse than to find top quality ingredients for making cosmetics and also to have it spoiled due to foreign material which you may have in your hands. Other important rules would be to keep your ingredients and makeup in a cool dry area away from direct sunlight and also to make certain your containers mentioned in the second of this series on cosmetic essentials will also be dry and clean before you use them. Finally and I believe this is quite obvious is to never try to drink or eat your decorative solutions.

Natural Components

The components that you use to create your cosmetic products can be divided up into several types. Of course the ingredients you will need to use depends upon the sort of cosmetic product that you’re looking to produce. In general to create any cosmetic solution, you’ll have to use several types to get both the benefits to your skin and the odor that you want. The Kinds of ingredients you need are:

Plant Oils

These are liquid fats extracted from many different plants. Always use cold- pressed oils as heat causes many oils to modify their structure. Examples of plant oils include jojoba oil, sunflower oil and avocado oil.

Macerated Oils

These are plant oils infused with scented flowers or medicinal herbs. Examples of macerated oils are calendula oils, rose oils and carrot oils.

Essential Oils

These are concentrated aromatic essences distilled from several crops. Many of these plants also have medicinal qualities. Examples of the sort of plants are are Chamomile oil that has both soothing and healing qualities particularly for sensitive skin; Rosemary that is excellent for hair care; and Lavendar that has cleansing and healing properties.

Plant Fats/Butters

These are solid fats extracted directly from tropical plants which are used primarily in soap bars, moisturisers and creams. Examples of plant fats and butters are cocoa butter, shea butter and mango butter.

Flower Waters/Distillates

These can also be known as hydrosols or hydrolats. They are usually the byproduct of the distillation process to produce essential oils, but are now used more widely and many are purpose created. They’re used for moisturisers, deodorants, facial toners and to freshen up on a hot day or in hot climates. Examples of hydrosols or hydrolats are rosewater, orange blossom water and lavendar water.


These supply the active ingredients in cosmetic products. They’re used in skin products, bathroom products and in tea infusions. Examples are; rose petals that are used for soothing herbs for all skins; vanilla that’s used for perfume; and soapwart that’s used as a natural shampoo plant.


These are components which are used primarily in cooking but also for making cosmetics. Examples are oats that are used for washing and soothing skin, sea salt that are used in bath salts, dental care and body care and citrus scents that are used for skin lotions and scenting oils.


These are several items that are hard to classify that are also helpful for making cosmetics. Examples are green clay that’s used for face masks, beeswax that’s used to thicken and emulsify lotions and salves, and glycerine that’s a byproduct of saponifying plant oils which could be used for moisturisers and as a natural preservative.


So now that we’ve reviewed all of the equipment and ingredients which are required for making cosmetics, we’re ready to begin making toxic free organic and natural products. In our next entries we’ll begin going through recipes which you can use for skin, hair and face in addition to products which you can make for your nearest and dearest including your kids.