Amaranto

The amaranth is one of the oldest useful plants and is spread all over the world, there are about 70 species. The seeds of some species are a high-quality gluten-free cereal with a high protein content. It is therefore well suited for people suffering from coeliac disease and also neurodermatitis. However, the leaves are the one which are mainly used for medicinal purposes.

Una dieta con hojas y semillas de amaranto te mantiene joven física y mentalmente. El amaranto también está disponible como plantas en maceta para el alféizar de la ventana.

Descripción de la planta

The amaranth is native to America and Europe. It prefers to grow in sunny locations. The annual plant grows up to 200 centimetres high. The ovoid leaves are dark green to red-green. The stem is strong. The flowers appear between July and August. From the amaranth flowers, about 50,000 seeds per plant develop until autumn. The round disc-shaped seeds are less than 1 mm thick.

Características

Nombre científico
Amaranthus caudatus.

Familia de plantas
Amaranthaceae.

Others names
Kiwicha, love-lies-bleeding, pendant amaranth.

Partes de plantas usadas
Leaf & Seed.

Ingredientes
Ácido alfa-linolénico, ácidos grasos insaturados, lisina, minerales, proteínas.

Período de cosecha
– Leaves: May to July,
– Seeds: September to October.

Propiedades medicinales

Main uses: Hemostasis, Diarrhea & Source of youth.

Efectos curativos

      • Astringente
      • Cooling

Áreas de aplicación

      • Hemostasis
      • Diarrea
      • Fiebre
      • Dolor de cabeza
      • Calambres menstruales
      • Migraña
      • Mouth ulcers
      • Throat ulcers
      • Insomnio

Formas de preparación

Leaf tea

Vierta 250 ml de agua caliente sobre una cucharada de hojas secas, deje reposar durante 8 minutos y cuele.

Té de semillas

Hervir 1 taza de semillas en 2 tazas de agua y dejar que se hinche a fuego lento durante 30 minutos, si es necesario añadir un poco más de agua caliente.

Alimentos

As a vegetable, you can prepare the fresh leaves like spinach.

Historia

El amaranto se ha utilizado en América durante muchos miles de años como planta medicinal y como un tipo de grano. En Europa su uso se remonta a la Edad de Piedra, pero sólo las hojas se utilizaban para la nutrición.

The Incas and Aztecs lived mainly on amaranth seeds, which could almost completely replace meat. The Spanish conquerors banned amaranth because it was the sacred plant of the population. The consequence was a great famine with over 10 million dead.

In the last 30 years the amaranth has been rediscovered as a valuable medicinal and food product and is now cultivated agriculturally. Amaranth products are available in many organic shops.

Consejos de cultivo

El amaranto crece casi por sí mismo: siembra las semillas en primavera (cuando no se esperan más heladas) en el suelo húmedo en un lugar soleado y estás listo.

Hay que recordar que una planta produce entre 30.000 y 60.000 semillas, que se distribuyen por todo el jardín y permanecen germinables durante muchos años. Con sólo 100 gramos de semillas se puede cultivar fácilmente una hectárea entera de plantas.

Consejos para la recolección

Cosecha las hojas para la ensalada y las verduras antes de la floración. Para los tés, también cosechar las hojas antes de la floración y secarlas en un lugar aireado y sombreado. Cosechar las semillas cuando maduren. Es mejor cortar la planta y colgarla sobre papel de horno.

 

Sinónimos:
Kiwicha
Amaranth (Wikipedia)

Amaranthus
Amaranthus tricolor0.jpg
Amaranthus tricolor
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Order:Caryophyllales
Family:Amaranthaceae
Subfamily:Amaranthoideae
Genus:Amaranthus
L.
Species

See text

Amaranthus is a cosmopolitan genus of annual or short-lived perennial plants collectively known as amaranths. Some amaranth species are cultivated as leaf vegetables, pseudocereals, and ornamental plants. Most of the Amaranthus species are summer annual weeds and are commonly referred to as pigweeds. Catkin-like cymes of densely packed flowers grow in summer or autumn. Amaranth varies in flower, leaf, and stem color with a range of striking pigments from the spectrum of maroon to crimson and can grow longitudinally from 1 to 2.5 metres (3 to 8 feet) tall with a cylindrical, succulent, fibrous stem that is hollow with grooves and bracteoles when mature. There are approximately 75 species in the genus, 10 of which are dioecious and native to North America with the remaining 65 monoecious species endemic to every continent from tropical lowlands to the Himalayas. Members of this genus share many characteristics and uses with members of the closely related genus Celosia. Amaranth grain is collected from the genus. The leaves of some species are also eaten.

Amaranth (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

Borrowed from French amarante, or directly from its etymon Latin amarantus (the word ending influenced by plant names derived from Ancient Greek ἄνθος (ánthos, a bloom, blossom, flower)), from Ancient Greek ἀμάραντος (amárantos, eternal, undying, unfading, unwilting; amaranth; everlasting flower) (modern Greek αμάραντος (amárantos)), from ᾰ̓- (a-, the alpha privativum, a suffix forming words having a sense opposite to the word or stem to which it is attached) +

...
« Volver al índice del glosario
Artículo anteriorMalva real
Artículo siguienteVisnaga