Azafrán

Conjunto de especias de azafrán seco y flores de azafrán fresco

Crocus sativus

Sinónimos:
Xi Hong Hua, Kesar
Crocus_sativus (Wikipedia)

Saffron crocus
A single shell-shaped violet flower is in sharp centre focus amidst a blurred daytime and overcast garden backdrop of soil, leaves, and leaf litter. Four narrow spine-like green leaves flank the stem of the blossom before curving outward. From the base of the flower emerge two crooked and brilliant crimson rod-like projections pointing down sideways. They are very thin and half the length of the blossom.
Flowers showing crimson stigmas
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Monocots
Order:Asparagales
Family:Iridaceae
Genus:Crocus
Species:
C. sativus
Binomial name
Crocus sativus
Synonyms
  • Crocus autumnalis Sm. nom. illeg.
  • Crocus officinalis (L.) Honck.
  • Crocus orsinii Parl.
  • Crocus pendulus Stokes
  • Crocus setifolius Stokes
  • Geanthus autumnalis Raf.
  • Safran officinarum Medik.

Crocus sativus, commonly known as saffron crocus, or autumn crocus, is a species of flowering plant of the Crocus genus in the iris family Iridaceae. It is best known for producing the spice saffron from the filaments that grow inside the flower. The term "autumn crocus" is also used for species in the Colchicum genus, which strongly resemble crocuses. However, crocuses have 3 stamens and 3 styles, while colchicums have 6 stamens and 1 style, and belong to a different family, Colchicaceae. Colchicums are also toxic.

This cormous autumn-flowering perennial plant species is unknown in the wild. Human cultivation of saffron crocus and use of saffron have taken place for more than 3,500 years and spans different cultures, continents, and civilizations (see History of saffron). Crocus sativus is currently known to grow in the Mediterranean, East Asia, and Irano-Turanian Region. Saffron is the triploid form of a species found in Eastern Greece, Crocus cartwrightianus; it probably appeared first in Southern Greece on the Attic peninsula or the island of Crete. An origin in Western or Central Asia, although often suspected, is not supported by botanical research. Other sources suggested some genetic input from Crocus pallasii, which has not been verified by chromosome and genome comparisons.

Saffron (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Middle English saffron, from Old French safran, from Medieval Latin safrānum, from Arabic زَعْفَرَان(zaʿfarān).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈsæfɹən/

Noun

saffron (countable and uncountable, plural saffrons)

  1. The plant Crocus sativus, a crocus.
    • 1611, King James Version of the Bible, Song of Songs 4.13-14,[1]
      Thy plants are an orchard of pomegranates, with pleasant fruits; camphire, with spikenard, spikenard and saffron []
    • 2009, D. H. Sanaeinejad
...
« Volver al índice del glosario
Artículo anteriorCúrcuma
Artículo siguienteGirasol