Bitter Kola

Garcinia kola

Sinónimos:
Petit Cola
Garcinia_kola (Wikipedia)

Garcinia kola
Garcinia Kola Germination.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Clusiaceae
Genus:Garcinia
Species:
G. kola
Binomial name
Garcinia kola
Heckel
"Bitter kola nuts": seeds of Garcinia kola spread out for sale in the Dantokpa Market, Benin

Garcinia kola (bitter kola (a name sometimes also used for G. afzelii) is a species of flowering plant belonging to the Mangosteen genus Garcinia of the family Clusiaceae (a.k.a. Guttiferae). It is found in Benin, Cameroon, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Mali , Gabon, Ghana, Liberia, Nigeria, Senegal and Sierra Leone. Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests.

The fruit, seeds ("bitter kola nuts") and bark of the plant have been used for centuries in folk medicine to treat ailments from coughs to fever. According to a report from the Center For International Forestry Research, Garcinia kola trade is still important to the indigenous communities and villages in Nigeria.

Cola acuminata, source of the true kola nut, is not related to Garcinia kola belonging not to Clusiaceae but to a subfamily of the mallow family Malvaceae.

« Volver al índice del glosario
Artículo anteriorWall Pennywort
Artículo siguienteKenilworth Ivy