Melón amargo

Wild Bitter Gourd, Bitter Cucumber,Bitter Gourd in garden

Momordica Charantia

Sinónimos:
Calabaza amarga
Bitter Melon (Wikipedia)

Momordica charantia
Momordica charantia Blanco2.357.png
Botanical illustration of plant parts
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Cucurbitales
Family:Cucurbitaceae
Genus:Momordica
Species:
M. charantia
Binomial name
Momordica charantia

Momordica charantia (colloquially: bitter melon; bitter apple; bitter gourd; bitter squash; balsam-pear; with many more names listed below) is a tropical and subtropical vine of the family Cucurbitaceae, widely grown in Asia, Africa, and the Caribbean for its edible fruit. Its many varieties differ substantially in the shape and bitterness of the fruit.

Bitter melon originated in Africa where it was a dry-season staple food of ǃKung hunter-gatherers. Wild or semi-domesticated variants spread across Asia in prehistory, and it was likely fully domesticated in Southeast Asia. It is widely used in the cuisines of East Asia, South Asia, and Southeast Asia.

Bitter Melon (Wiktionary)

English

Alternative forms

  • bittermelon

Etymology

Calque of Chinese 苦瓜 (kǔguā).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɪtəɹ ˈmɛlən/

Noun

bitter melon (plural bitter melons)

  1. A vine, Momordica charantia, which produces a bitter, though when properly prepared edible, fruit.
  2. (Australia) A similar fruit-bearing vine, Citrullus lanatus (Citroides Group).
  3. The fruit of the bitter melon vine.

Synonyms

  • balsam pear, bitter gourd, karela, cerasee (Jamaica)

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