Apricots originated on the Russian-Chinese boundary in about 3000 BC and were imported together with peach seed to Europe through the “Silk Road” that extended camelback trading into the Mideast. The fruit develops as an escaped naturalized plant combined modern roadsides in Turkey and Armenia now in abundant numbers.
Apricots were known in ancient Greece in 60 BC and later introduced into the Roman Empire. The apricot trees are thought to have arrived in the early American colonies in seed form for growing into fruit trees from the French explorers of the 1700’s in Gulf areas and in the Eastern United States and in California monasteries by Spanish explorers and missionaries.
The apricot, Prunus armeniaca L., has a distinctive flavor and no additional fruit has a taste to match it. Fresh apricots chosen directly from the trees are yummy, if someone is lucky enough to live near an apricot tree orchard. Canners of the apricot fruit have provided national markets faithfully with yummy tree-ripened apricots. The most significant market for apricot fruit produced in the exceptional quality, once the aromatic apricot is dried.
The apricot tree is beautiful in the landscape and can grow to a huge size and also to a great age, as the gigantic root system expands in giant expansion explosions annually, growing farther from the trunk. The apricot tree is quite healthy and vigorous and is apparently resistant to most pest and disease issues, as it generates more and more substantial crops of fruit annually as the tree matures. The apricot tree can be grown in broad regions of the Eastern and Central United States and were nicely northward; however, the cold hardiness of the tree itself is verifiable, but early frosts can damage the fruit.
Eating the pits of apricots has become a contentious topic in federal health disagreements and law enforcement. Various groups have promoted an infusion, laetrile, of almond pits as being a cancer treatment; but quite a few people have died from the deadly poison, cyanide, including the renowned actor Steve McQueen. The American Cancer Society states that the treatment will not work, and the selling of those substances was declared illegal, and some of the advocates were arrested and jailed. Other promoters of the products have fled to Mexico to promote the toxins there by mailorder and individual appointments.
Albaricoque trees normally are lower in height to 12 feet by pruning, but the trees can grow to 45 feet at maturity. The apricot trees are best called fruit producing trees, however, a new national market for flowering trees, Prunus mume, has quickly developed, due to the abundant pink, white, or reddish flowers that could appear as early as the winter in some in some regions of america. The trees must be planted for growing, 20 to 25 feet apart, farther apart than trees.
Numerous flowering apricot trees, Prunus mume, are available commercially, the’Matsubara Red’ that blooms in late winter with dual dark-red apricot blossoms;’Peggy Clarke’ early rose red flowering in spring;’Rosemary Clarke,’ flowering white in early spring and Weeping Apricot ‘W.B. Clarke’ pink flowering in January.
The fruit of the apricot is around with a prominent rib on the side, varying in colour from yellow to orange, and a red random overlay. The pulp is usually yellow, but some apricot cultivars might be white. A large grafted apricot tree may bear a couple of fruits the first year, but most trees start to bear when two years old. Some orchadists thin out the apricot fruits to each six inches to improve the individual fruit size, and harvesting older apricot trees, begins in May and finishes in July.
The apricot fruit has a brief shelf-life in grocery stores of 1 to 2 weeks, and the wholesome advantages of apricots are many-from Vitamin A, Vitamin B1, Vitamin B2, Vitamin C, Niacin, to the minerals Phosphorus, Potassium, Calcium, and Iron. The main cultivars of apricots are Blenheim (Royal), Tilton, Perfection, Moorpark, and Early Golden. California grows 94 percent of the United States apricots and Turkey grows 21% of the world commercial source.
Luther Burbank, the renowned botanist and plant hybridizer wrote in his book Fruit Improvement in 121 a chapter which discussed the hybridization of plumcot, a cross between the apricot Prunus armeniaca and the Ciruela Prunus.
Several hybrids resulted from such crosses that contained the mixing of the overall features of both fruits. Some hybrids had characteristics directed more toward the apricot fruit, and other hybrids were inclined toward the plum parent. Several”plumcots” are made available to the backyard gardener marketplace which demonstrate great cold hardiness, juiciness, and a rich, sweet taste.