Las zarzamoras eran percibidas por las civilizaciones antiguas como una planta silvestre, y los relatos históricos para conseguir un cultivo de jardín de arbustos de mora son escasos. Los griegos utilizaban la mora como remedio para la gota, y los romanos hacían un té con las hojas de la planta de la mora para tratar muchas enfermedades.

Historia

John Bartram, the first American explorer, botanist, and author founded the first United States Botanical Garden, in 1728. In the early American colonies, William Bartram in his book, Travels, noted that General Oglethorpe was delivered to the colony of Georgia in 1733 to look into the potential for establishing various temperate and subtropical plants that might”prove invaluable for Georgia farms and orchards.” William Bartram noted further in his book, Travels, he his father, John Bartram, were sent to explore the Southern colonies which included East Florida, Georgia, the Carolinas, and Alabama to take a list of plants growing there following the Spanish were expelled from the English. Bartram reported that only outside of Mobile, Alabama, it”grows here five or six feet high, rambling like Brier vines over the fences and shrubs.”

Gran parte del desarrollo de las primeras variedades modernas de mora se hizo en América, empezando por el juez Logan de California en 1880, y el lanzamiento e introducción de esta mora Logan.

La Boysenberry fue creada a partir de una elección natural salvada de la granja abandonada del Sr. Rudolf Boysen por el miembro del USDA George Darrow, junto con Walter Knott, un entusiasta de la fruta y las bayas de California, cuya esposa comenzó a hacer conservas de bayas, granja que más tarde se convirtió en la más famosa Knotts Berry Farm, situada cerca del parque de atracciones de Walt Disney en California.

The Youngberry was developed in 1905 at Morgan City, Louisiana; It’s a cross between Luther Burbank’s, Phenomenal Berry, and the Austin-Mayes Dewberry, a trailing blackberry. This berry had excellent qualities, such as flavor and high yields, and it replaced the Loganberry of California following its launch.

Plantas de mora

Blackberry plants, Rubus spp., can’t be truthfully separated accurately by taxonomists into species, since the first species which existed centuries ago have intercrossed themselves from the pure state so entirely, and the organic selections have attained a critical composition and complexity, that can’t be adequately recreated through backcrosses. Blackberry vines and bushes grow in the native country on every continent except Australia and Antarctica. The adaptatation factor to growing blackberries is extensive and the cold hardiness of the blackberry bushes and vines extends to extremely cold lands. The bush form blackberry is much more cold hardy than the trailing blackberry vines, and the assortment of expansion extends to the northwestern portions of america. The trailing blackberry vines are considered by most taxonomists to be: Rubus macropetalus, Rubus loganobaccus, and Rubus ursinus. Erect blackberry bushes which are known as native genera are: Rubus frondosus, Rubus argutus, and Rubus allegheniensis.

Espinas

Thorns exist in native blackberry plants and the thorns stop grazing wildlife, animals and birds from eating the vines before the berry bushes flower and later when blackberries are created. When the blackberries grow and ripen, they aren’t just consumed by wildlife animals and birds, but they’ve been appreciated by people for centuries. Luther Burbank wrote in his book, Fruit Improvement, in 1921 that many hybrids were developed by his efforts along with others to develop thornless blackberry bushes and vines. These thornless creations were initially inferior in quality and taste to the thorny species; however, modern hybridizers of thornless blackberry plants have generated the cultivars:

The most significant new hybridvehicle, the Triple Crown, was released by the USDA. These new thornless blackberry bushes are released for growing in the Middle Atlantic and Pacific Northwest. The Triple Crown is thornless and ripens early to midseason. The fruit is black and firm with a balanced sub-acid sweet flavor and is aromatically pleasing. This berry release is anticipated to be the sensational highlight for anglers everywhere anticipating top quality and rising adaptation. Other, older thornless blackberry releases are: Apache, Hull, Thornfree, Black Satin, Arapaho, Navaho, Chester, and Boysenberry. These blackberries have overcome the sticky issues of their first thornless blackberry hybrids. Commercial thorny blackberry production was stimulated by an introduction of those blackberry published cultivars: Austin-Mayes dewberry, Chicasaw blackberry, Shawnee blackberry, Kiowa blackberry, Choctaw blackberry, Cherokee blackberry, Cheyenne blackberry, Lawton blackberry, along with the Ouchita blackberry that makes you say’ouch’ when you select them. Most of the aforementioned blackberry cultivars are hybrids of a Brazos blackberry and Darrow cross.

Las moras complacen el gusto de las personas además del de los animales y son consideradas por muchos conservacionistas de la fauna silvestre como la principal planta de crecimiento naturalizado que ofrece alimento a la fauna.

Wildlife animals and birds eat blackberries as meals or get a thorny protective cover from blackberry bushes or vines that end along fences, animals like quail, doves, turkey, raccoons, opossums, and believe it or not, bears. Perhaps children love eating a fistful of blackberries from wild plants growing in the edge of the woods in summer, then return home with the tell-tale purple stains on their lips, teeth, and clothing. Wild blackberries are delicious when they grow in profusion in the wood’s edge into bushy plants or as trailing vines called dewberries. The delicate balance of a sweet and sour flavor can stimulate the sensations from the new hybrid cultivars towards heights unequaled by other fruits or berries.

Gran parte de la primera hibridación de moras en Estados Unidos fue realizada por Luther Burbank, que introdujo su Phenomenal Berry e incluso una mora blanca, pero era demasiado blanda para poder comercializarla con éxito.

Clasificación

Aunque la mayoría de los botánicos clasifican las plantas de mora en 3 tipos, plantas erectas, enredaderas arrastradas y plantas semierectas, las plantas semierectas intermedias, teóricamente, podrían ser realmente una planta erecta llena de bayas maduras. Esta clasificación de semierectas no aclara mucho los principios taxonómicos.

Palabra final

Blackberries fresh from the vines are useful in many foods; they’re yummy in frozen packs, canned, as blackberry wine, ice cream, fresh blackberry juice, blackberry pies, blackberry jelly, blackberry jam, and best of all when eaten as a fresh fruit. Many health benefits come from eating blackberries which are full of anti-oxidants and vitamins along with being a great source of the minerals potassium, phosphorus, iron, and calcium.

 

Artículo anteriorConozca los frutales enanos
Artículo siguienteHistoria del albaricoquero