Avocat

Les fruits verts de Hass Avocats accrochés à l'arbre

Persea americana

Avocado (Wikipedia)

Avocado
Temporal range: 15–0 Ma Middle Miocene – Recent
Close-up picture of foliage and avocado fruit
Avocado fruit and foliage, Réunion island
Avocado with cross section edit.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Magnoliids
Order:Laurales
Family:Lauraceae
Genus:Persea
Species:
P. americana
Binomial name
Persea americana
Synonyms
  • Laurus persea L.
  • Persea americana var. angustifolia Miranda
  • Persea americana var. drymifolia (Cham. & Schltdl.) S.F.Blake
  • Persea americana var. nubigena (L.O.Williams) L.E.Kopp
  • Persea drymifolia Cham. & Schltdl.
  • Persea edulis Raf.
  • Persea floccosa Mez
  • Persea gigantea L.O.Williams
  • Persea gratissima C.F.Gaertn.
  • Persea gratissima var. drimyfolia (Schltdl. & Cham.) Mez
  • Persea gratissima var. macrophylla Meisn.
  • Persea gratissima var. oblonga Meisn.
  • Persea gratissima var. praecox Nees
  • Persea gratissima var. vulgaris Meisn.
  • Persea leiogyna Blake
  • Persea nubigena L.O.Williams
  • Persea nubigena var. guatemalensis L.O.Williams
  • Persea paucitriplinervia Lundell
  • Persea persea (L.) Cockerell
  • Persea steyermarkii C.K.Allen

The avocado (Persea americana), a tree likely originating from south-central Mexico, is classified as a member of the flowering plant family Lauraceae. The fruit of the plant, also called an avocado (or avocado pear or alligator pear), is botanically a large berry containing a single large seed. Avocado trees are partially self-pollinating, and are often propagated through grafting to maintain predictable fruit quality and quantity.

Avocados are cultivated in tropical and Mediterranean climates of many countries, with Mexico as the leading producer of avocados in 2019, supplying 32% of the world total.

The fruit of domestic varieties has a buttery flesh when ripe. Depending on the variety, avocados have green, brown, purplish, or black skin when ripe, and may be pear-shaped, egg-shaped, or spherical. Commercially, the fruits are picked while immature, and ripened after harvesting.

Avocado (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

Borrowed from American Spanish avocado, altered—by folk-etymological association with abogado (lawyer)—from the earlier aguacate, which comes from Classical Nahuatl āhuacatl (avocado). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?) Doublet of abacate.

The first mention can be found in the 1696 catalogue of Jamaican plants.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ævəˈkɑːdəʊ/
  • (General American) enPR: ăvəkäʹdō, IPA(key): /ɑvəˈkɑdoʊ/, [ɑvəˈkɑɾoʊ],
...
« Retour à l'index du glossaire
Article précédentAreca Palm
Article suivantBanane