Calabash

Calabash in farm.

Lagenaria siceraria

Synonymes :
Gourde en bouteille
Calabash (Wikipedia)

Calabash
Courge encore verte.jpg
Green calabash growing on its vine
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Cucurbitales
Family:Cucurbitaceae
Genus:Lagenaria
Species:
L. siceraria
Binomial name
Lagenaria siceraria
Synonyms
List
    • Cucumis bicirrha J.R.Forst. ex Guill.
    • Cucumis lagenaria (L.) Dumort.
    • Cucumis mairei H.Lév.
    • Cucurbita ciceraria Molina
    • Cucurbita idololatrica Willd.
    • Cucurbita lagenaria L.
    • Cucurbita leucantha Duchesne
    • Cucurbita longa W.M.Fletcher
    • Cucurbita pyriformis M.Roem.
    • Cucurbita siceraria Molina
    • Cucurbita vittata Blume
    • Lagenaria bicornuta Chakrav.
    • Lagenaria cochinchinensis M.Roem.
    • Lagenaria hispida Ser.
    • Lagenaria idolatrica (Willd.) Ser.
    • Lagenaria lagenaria (L.) Cockerell
    • Lagenaria leucantha Rusby
    • Lagenaria microcarpa Naudin
    • Lagenaria siceraria f. depressa (Ser.) M.Hiroe
    • Lagenaria siceraria var. laevisperma Millán
    • Lagenaria siceraria f. microcarpa (Naudin) M.Hiroe
    • Lagenaria vittata Ser.
    • Lagenaria vulgaris Ser.
    • Lagenaria vulgaris var. clavata Ser.
    • Lagenaria vulgaris var. gourda Ser.
    • Pepo lagenarius Moench
    • Trochomeria rehmannii Cogn.

Calabash (Lagenaria siceraria), also known as bottle gourd, white-flowered gourd, long melon, New Guinea bean and Tasmania bean, is a vine grown for its fruit. It can be either harvested young to be consumed as a vegetable, or harvested mature to be dried and used as a utensil, container, or a musical instrument. When it is fresh, the fruit has a light green smooth skin and white flesh.

Calabash fruits have a variety of shapes: they can be huge and rounded, small and bottle-shaped, or slim and serpentine, and they can grow to be over a metre long. Rounder varieties are typically called calabash gourds. The gourd was one of the world's first cultivated plants grown not primarily for food, but for use as containers. The bottle gourd may have been carried from Asia to Africa, Europe, and the Americas in the course of human migration, or by seeds floating across the oceans inside the gourd. It has been proven to have been globally domesticated (and existed in the New World) during the Pre-Columbian era.

Because bottle gourds are also called "calabashes", they are sometimes confused with the hard, hollow fruits of the unrelated calabash tree (Crescentia cujete), whose fruits are also used to make utensils, containers, and musical instruments.

Calabash (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From French calebasse, from Spanish calabaza (gourd; pumpkin), possibly from Arabic قَرْعَةٌ يَابِسَةٌ(qarʿatun yābisatun, dry gourd) or directly from its etymon Persian خربزه(xarboze, melon), possibly ultimately from Sanskrit त्रपुस (trapusa, colocynth fruit) (compare Persian تربزه(tarboze, watermelon)). The English word is cognate with

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