Chou-fleur

Cauliflower grows in organic soil in the garden on the vegetable area. Cauliflower head in natural conditions, close-up

Wild Choux

Brassica oleracea var. botrytis 

Cauliflower (Wikipedia)
Cauliflower
Cauliflower.JPG
Cauliflower, cultivar unknown
SpeciesBrassica oleracea
Cultivar groupBotrytis Group
OriginNortheast Mediterranean
Cultivar group membersMany; see text.
Cauliflower plants growing in a nursery

Cauliflower is one of several vegetables in the species Brassica oleracea in the genus Brassica, which is in the Brassicaceae (or Mustard) family. It is an annual plant that reproduces by seed. Typically, only the head is eaten – the edible white flesh sometimes called "curd" (with a similar appearance to cheese curd). The cauliflower head is composed of a white inflorescence meristem. Cauliflower heads resemble those in broccoli, which differs in having flower buds as the edible portion. Brassica oleracea also includes broccoli, Brussels sprouts, cabbage, collard greens, and kale, collectively called "cole" crops, though they are of different cultivar groups.

Cauliflower (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From 16th century cole-florye. Compare Latin caulis, French chou-fleur, Italian cavolfiore.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkɒl.i.flaʊ.ə/, /ˈkɒl.ɪ.flaʊ.ə/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈkɔl.ɪˌflaʊ.ɚ/, /ˈkɔl.əˌflaʊ.ɚ/

Noun

cauliflower (plural cauliflowers)

  1. Brassica oleracea var. botrytis, an annual variety of cabbage, of which the cluster
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