Piment

A bunch of different colorful chilies nicely arranged on a market to be sold.

Capsicum frutescens

Capsicum frutescens
Tabasco peppers.JPG
Tabasco peppers
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Solanales
Family:Solanaceae
Genus:Capsicum
Species:
C. frutescens
Binomial name
Capsicum frutescens

Capsicum frutescens is a wild chili pepper having genetic proximity to the cultivated pepper Capsicum chinense native to the Amazon Basin. Pepper cultivars of C. frutescens can be annual or short-lived perennial plants. Flowers are white with a greenish white or greenish yellow corolla, and are either insect- or self-pollinated. The plants' berries typically grow erect; ellipsoid-conical to lanceoloid shaped. They are usually very small and pungent, growing 10–20 millimetres (0.39–0.79 in) long and 3–7 millimetres (0.12–0.28 in) in diameter. Fruit typically grows a pale yellow and matures to a bright red, but can also be other colors. C. frutescens has a smaller variety of shapes compared to other Capsicum species. C. frutescens has been bred to produce ornamental strains because of its large quantities of erect peppers growing in colorful ripening patterns.

Chili Pepper (Wiktionary)

English

Alternative forms

  • chile pepper, chilli pepper

Noun

chili pepper (plural chili peppers)

  1. Any fruit of a plant of the botanical genus Capsicum, which has a spicy/burning flavour because it contains capsaicin. (Not all chili peppers are particularly spicy, but all true chili peppers contain some capsaicin, in contrast to e.g. the bell pepper, which is not a true chili pepper and does not.)

Translations

See also

  • bell pepper
  • cayenne
  • chipotle
  • habanero
  • jalapeño
  • paprika
  • rocoto
  • Scotch bonnet
...
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