Concombre

Outdoor cucumbers in the garden bed

Cucumis sativus

Cucumber (Wikipedia)

Cucumber
Photograph of cucumber vine with fruits, flowers and leaves visible
Cucumbers growing on vines
Cucumber BNC.jpg
Photograph of a single cucumber fruit
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Cucurbitales
Family:Cucurbitaceae
Genus:Cucumis
Species:
C. sativus
Binomial name
Cucumis sativus

Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely-cultivated creeping vine plant in the Cucurbitaceae gourd family that bears cucumiform fruits, which are used as vegetables. There are three main varieties of cucumber—slicing, pickling, and burpless/seedless—within which several cultivars have been created. The cucumber originates from South Asia, but now grows on most continents, as many different types of cucumber are traded on the global market. In North America, the term wild cucumber refers to plants in the genera Echinocystis and Marah, though the two are not closely related.

Cucumber (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Middle English cucumber, from Old French cocombre, ultimately from Latin cucumis, cucumerem (possibly through an Old Occitan intermediate). Probably of Pre-Italic substrate origin.

Pronunciation

  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈkjuːˌkʌmbɚ/
  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkjuːˌkʌmbə/
  • (obsolete) IPA(key): /ˈkaʊˌkʌmbɚ/

Noun

cucumber (plural cucumbers)

  1. A vine in the gourd family, Cucumis sativus.
  2. The edible fruit of this plant, having a green rind and crisp white flesh.
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