|Cucumbers growing on vines|
|Photograph of a single cucumber fruit|
Cucumber (Cucumis sativus) is a widely-cultivated creeping vine plant in the Cucurbitaceae gourd family that bears cucumiform fruits, which are used as vegetables. There are three main varieties of cucumber—slicing, pickling, and burpless/seedless—within which several cultivars have been created. The cucumber originates from South Asia, but now grows on most continents, as many different types of cucumber are traded on the global market. In North America, the term wild cucumber refers to plants in the genera Echinocystis and Marah, though the two are not closely related.
From Middle English cucumber, from Old French cocombre, ultimately from Latin cucumis, cucumerem (possibly through an Old Occitan intermediate). Probably of Pre-Italic substrate origin.
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈkjuːˌkʌmbɚ/
- (UK) IPA(key): /ˈkjuːˌkʌmbə/
- (obsolete) IPA(key): /ˈkaʊˌkʌmbɚ/
cucumber (plural cucumbers)
- A vine in the gourd family, Cucumis sativus.
- The edible fruit of this plant, having a green rind and crisp white flesh.