Ephedra

L'éphédra rouge distachya sur l'herbe grise
Synonymes :
Ma Huang
Catégories : Plantes médicinales
Ephedra_sinica (Wikipedia)

Chinese ephedra
(Cao Ma Huang—草麻黄)
Ephedra sinica alexlomas.jpg
Ephedra sinica
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Division:Gnetophyta
Class:Gnetopsida
Order:Ephedrales
Family:Ephedraceae
Genus:Ephedra
Species:
E. sinica
Binomial name
Ephedra sinica
Stapf
Synonyms
  • Ephedra flava F.P.Sm.
  • Ephedra ma-huang Tang S.Liu

Ephedra sinica (also known as Chinese ephedra or Ma Huang) is a species of Ephedra native to Mongolia, Russia (Buryatiya, Chita, Primorye), and northeastern China (Gansu, Hebei, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Nei Mongol, Ningxia, Shaanxi, Shanxi). It is the primary source of the medicinal preparation ephedra, also known by its Chinese name ma huang. It has been proposed as a candidate for the legendary soma of the Rigveda.

Ephedra (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Ancient Greek ἐφέδρα (ephédra, sitting upon), from ἐπί (epí, upon) + ἕδρα (hédra, seat).

Noun

ephedra (countable and uncountable, plural ephedras)

  1. Any plant of the genus Ephedra of gymnosperm shrubs.
  2. A stimulant derived from the plant Ephedra sinica used in traditional Chinese herbal medicine and in over-the-counter weight-loss aids.

Synonyms

  • (plant
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