fennel bulb and seeds in a scoop and bowl, on wooden background

Foeniculum vulgare

Synonymes :
Xiao Hui Xiang
Fennel (Wikipedia)

Foeniculum July 2011-1a.jpg
Fennel in flower
Foeniculum vulgare - Flickr - Kevin Thiele.jpg
Scientific classification edit
F. vulgare
Binomial name
Foeniculum vulgare
  • Anethum dulce DC.
  • Anethum foeniculum L.
  • Anethum minus Gouan
  • Anethum panmori Roxb.
  • Anethum panmorium Roxb. ex Fleming
  • Anethum piperitum Ucria
  • Anethum rupestre Salisb.
  • Foeniculum azoricum Mill.
  • Foeniculum capillaceum Gilib.
  • Foeniculum divaricatum Griseb.
  • Foeniculum dulce Mill.
  • Foeniculum foeniculum (L.) H.Karst.
  • Foeniculum giganteum Lojac.
  • Foeniculum officinale All.
  • Foeniculum panmorium (Roxb.) DC.
  • Foeniculum piperitum C.Presl
  • Foeniculum rigidum Brot. ex Steud.
  • Ligusticum foeniculum (L.) Roth
  • Ligusticum foeniculum (L.) Crantz
  • Meum foeniculum (L.) Spreng.
  • Meum piperitum Schult.
  • Ozodia foeniculacea Wight & Arn.
  • Selinum foeniculum E.H.L.Krause
  • Seseli dulce Koso-Pol.
  • Seseli foeniculum Koso-Pol.
  • Seseli piperitum Koso-Pol.
  • Tenoria romana Schkuhr ex Spreng.

Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) is a flowering plant species in the carrot family. It is a hardy, perennial herb with yellow flowers and feathery leaves. It is indigenous to the shores of the Mediterranean but has become widely naturalized in many parts of the world, especially on dry soils near the sea-coast and on riverbanks.

It is a highly aromatic and flavorful herb used in cooking and, along with the similar-tasting anise, is one of the primary ingredients of absinthe. Florence fennel or finocchio (UK: /fɪˈnɒki/, US: /-ˈnk-/, Italian: [fiˈnɔkkjo]) is a selection with a swollen, bulb-like stem base that is used as a vegetable.

Fennel (Wiktionary)



From the Middle English fenel, from the late Old English finuðl, finule (weak feminine forms); fenol, finul (masculine forms), from Old French fenoil, from the Vulgar Latin *fēnuclum, fēnoclum, from Late Latin fēnuculum, from the Classical Latin faeniculum, a diminutive form of faenum (hay); compare the Italian finocchio, the Occitan fenolh, the French fenouil, and the

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