Fig

Des figues mûres sur un arbre
Catégories : Plantes médicinales
Common_fig (Wikipedia)

Ficus carica – Common fig
Ficus carica L, 1771.jpg
Foliage and fruit drawn in 1771
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Rosales
Family:Moraceae
Genus:Ficus
Subgenus:F. subg. Ficus
Species:
F. carica
Binomial name
Ficus carica
Synonyms
Synonymy
  • Caprificus insectifera Gasp.
  • Caprificus leucocarpa Gasp.
  • Caprificus oblongata Gasp.
  • Caprificus pedunculata (Miq.) Gasp.
  • Caprificus rugosa (Miq.) Gasp.
  • Caprificus sphaerocarpa Gasp.
  • Ficus albescens Miq.
  • Ficus burdigalensis Poit. & Turpin
  • Ficus caprificus Risso
  • Ficus colchica Grossh.
  • Ficus colombra Gasp.
  • Ficus communis Lam.
  • Ficus deliciosa Gasp.
  • Ficus dottata Gasp.
  • Ficus globosa Miq. 1848 not Blume 1825
  • Ficus hypoleuca Gasp.
  • Ficus hyrcana Grossh.
  • Ficus kopetdagensis Pachom.
  • Ficus latifolia Salisb.
  • Ficus leucocarpa Gasp.
  • Ficus macrocarpa Gasp.
  • Ficus neapolitana Miq.
  • Ficus pachycarpa Gasp.
  • Ficus pedunculata Miq.
  • Ficus polymorpha Gasp.
  • Ficus praecox Gasp.
  • Ficus regina Miq.
  • Ficus rugosa Miq.
  • Ficus silvestris Risso
  • Ficus rupestris (Hausskn. ex Boiss.) Azizian

Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig. The fruit, also called the fig, is an important crop in those areas where it is grown commercially. Native to the Mediterranean and western Asia, it has been sought out and cultivated since ancient times and is now widely grown throughout the world, both for its fruit and as an ornamental plant. The species has become naturalized in scattered locations in Asia and North America.

Fig (Wiktionary)

English

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /fɪɡ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪɡ

Etymology 1

From Middle English fige, fygge (also fyke, from Old English fīc, see fike), borrowed from Anglo-Norman figue, borrowed from Old French figue, from Old Occitan figa, from Vulgar Latin *fīca (fig), from Latin fīcus (fig tree), from a pre-Indo European language, perhaps Phoenician 𐤐𐤂

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