|Lycium barbarum with ripe berries|
Lycium barbarum is a shrub native to China, with present-day range across Asia and southeast Europe. It is one of two species of boxthorn in the family Solanaceae from which the goji berry or wolfberry is harvested, the other being Lycium chinense.
Common names of the plant in English include Chinese wolfberry, Chinese boxthorn, Himalayan goji, Tibetan goji, mede berry, barbary matrimony vine, red medlar or matrimony vine. In the United Kingdom it is also known as Duke of Argyll's tea tree or Duke of Argyll's tea plant, after Archibald Campbell, 3rd Duke of Argyll who introduced it in the country in the 1730s. The plant is called Murali in India, and dretsherma (འདྲི་ཚིར་མ།, "ghost thorn") in Tibetan.
The shrub is an important commercial crop in northern China, especially in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region. Its Chinese name is Ningxia gǒuqǐ (宁夏枸杞 | 寧夏枸杞). It is also grown in Tibet, Mongolia, and more recently in many other countries of the world.
Marketing coinage, likely an altered pronunciation of Mandarin 枸杞 (gǒuqǐ). The earliest known usage in print was in a 1996 publication. The first usage in the LexisNexis database is a 2002 newspaper article. Wider usage began in 2003 and 2004.
- (US) IPA(key): /ˈɡoʊ.dʒi/
goji (plural goji)
- A fruit in the genus Lycium, especially in commercial products where it is promoted as a superfruit.
- Synonyms: goji berry, wolfberry
The UK Food Standards Agency notes: ‘[It has been] suggested that the name "goji...