|Soursop fruit on its tree|
Annona macrocarpa Wercklé
Soursop (also graviola, guyabano, and in Hispanic America, guanábana) is the fruit of Annona muricata, a broadleaf, flowering, evergreen tree. The exact origin is unknown; it is native to the tropical regions of the Americas and the Caribbean and is widely propagated. It is in the same genus, Annona, as cherimoya and is in the Annonaceae family. Soursop is known as sirsak in Indonesia, where it is widely available and believed to have medicinal benefits.
The soursop is adapted to areas of high humidity and relatively warm winters; temperatures below 5 °C (41 °F) will cause damage to leaves and small branches, and temperatures below 3 °C (37 °F) can be fatal. The fruit becomes dry and is no longer good for concentrate.
With an aroma similar to pineapple, the flavor of the fruit has been described as a combination of strawberries and apple with sour citrus flavor notes, contrasting with an underlying thick creamy texture reminiscent of banana.
- Synonym of soursop
- (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˌɡɾa.vi.ˈɔ.la/
graviola f (plural graviolas)
- soursop (fruit)
- Synonyms: anona, ata, coração-de-negro, pinha, sape-sape (Africa)
- soursop (plant)
- Synonyms: anona, ata