Henné

Henné Lawsonia inermis plante

Lawsonia inermis

Synonymes :
Hina
Lawsonia_inermis (Wikipedia)

Lawsonia inermis
Lawsonia inermis (3709419835).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Myrtales
Family:Lythraceae
Subfamily:Lythroideae
Genus:Lawsonia
L.
Species:
L. inermis
Binomial name
Lawsonia inermis
L.
Synonyms
  • Alcanna spinosa (L.) Gaertn.
  • Casearia multiflora Spreng.
  • Lawsonia alba Lam. nom. illeg.
  • Lawsonia speciosa L.
  • Lawsonia spinosa L.
  • Rotantha combretoides Baker

Lawsonia inermis, also known as hina, the henna tree, the mignonette tree, and the Egyptian privet, is a flowering plant and the sole species of the genus Lawsonia. It is the source of the dye henna used to dye skin, hair and fingernails, as well as fabrics including silk, wool and leather. Medicinal properties for the cure of renal lithiases, jaundice, wound healing; prevent skin inflammation. The bark is traditionally used in treatment of jaundice and enlargement of the spleen, renal calculus, leprosy and obstinate skin diseases. The species is named after the Scottish physician Isaac Lawson, a good friend of Linnaeus.

Henna (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

Borrowed from Arabic حِنَّاء(ḥinnāʾ), the name of the tree used to make the dye, probably from Middle Persian [script needed] (*hannāy-, to smear, anoint).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /hɛnə/
  • Rhymes: -ɛnə

Noun

henna (countable and uncountable, plural hennas)

  1. (countable) A shrub, Lawsonia inermis, having fragrant reddish flowers
  2. (countable) A reddish plant substance, prepared from the dried leaves of this plant, used for temporary tattoos and hair coloring. Hair colorings range from bright red to earth brown
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