Olluco

Ullucus tuberosus

Ullucus (Wikipedia)

Ullucus
Ullucus tuberosus.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Order:Caryophyllales
Family:Basellaceae
Genus:Ullucus
Caldas
Species:
U. tuberosus
Binomial name
Ullucus tuberosus
Caldas
Synonyms
  • Basella tuberosa Kunth
  • Chenopodium tuberosum Ruiz
  • Gandola tuberosa Moq.
  • Melloca peruviana Moq.
  • Melloca tuberosa (Kunth) Lindl.
  • Ullucus aborigineus Brücher
  • Ullucus kunthii Moq.
  • Ullucus tuberosus subsp. aborigineus (Brücher) Sperling
  • Ullucus tuberosus f. albiflorus Kuntze
  • Ullucus tuberosus f. rubriflorus Kuntze
Papalisa (Ullucus tuberosa) in a market stall in Calacala, Cochabamba, Bolivia.
Ulluco tubers in New Zealand

Ullucus is a genus of flowering plants in the family Basellaceae, with one species, Ullucus tuberosus, a plant grown primarily as a root vegetable, secondarily as a leaf vegetable. The name ulluco is derived from the Quechua word ulluku, but depending on the region, it has many different names. These include illaco (in Aymara), melloco (in Ecuador), chungua or ruba (in Colombia), olluco or papa lisa (in Bolivia and Peru), or ulluma (in Argentina).

Ulluco is one of the most widely grown and economically important root crops in the Andean region of South America, second only to the potato. The tuber is the primary edible part, but the leaf is also used and is similar to spinach. They are known to contain high levels of protein, calcium, and carotene. Ulluco was used by the Incas prior to the arrival of Europeans in South America. The scrambling herbaceous plant grows up to 500 mm high and forms starchy tubers below ground. These tubers are typically smooth and can be spherical or elongated. Generally they are a similar in size to the potato; however, they have been known to grow up to 15 cm long. Due to the brightly coloured waxy skin in a variety of yellows, pinks and purples, ullucu tubers are regarded as one of the most striking foods in the Andean markets.

Ullucus tuberosus has a subspecies, Ullucus tuberosus subsp. aborigineus, which is considered a wild type. While the domesticated varieties are generally erect and have a diploid genome, the subspecies is generally a trailing vine and has a triploid genome.

Olluco (Wiktionary)

Spanish

Alternative forms

  • ulluco
  • milluku
  • melloco

Etymology

Borrowed from Quechua ulluku.

Noun

olluco m (plural ollucos)

  1. Ullucus tuberosus, the ulluco.
    Synonyms: chugua, ruba, lisa, papa lisa, papalisa

Further reading

  • olluco on the Spanish Wikipedia.Wikipedia es
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