Patchouli (//; Pogostemon cablin), from Tamil paccuḷi, is a species of flowering plant in the family Lamiaceae, commonly called the mint or deadnettle family. The plant grows as a bushy perennial herb, with erect stems reaching up to 75 centimetres (2.5 ft) in height and bearing small, pale pink-white flowers.
It is native to the island region of Southeast Asia, including Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Malay Peninsula, New Guinea, and the Philippines. Noted for its fragrant essential oil, it has many commercial uses and is now extensively cultivated in tropical climates around the world, especially in Asia, Madagascar, and South America and the Caribbean. Indonesia currently produces over 90% of the global volume of patchouli oil (~1,600 metric tons).
- patchouly, pachouli
Borrowed from French patchouli, from Tamil பச்சை (paccai, “green”) + இலை (ilai, “leaf”).
- (US) IPA(key): /pəˈtʃuli/
patchouli (countable and uncountable, plural patchoulis)
- Any of several East Indian plants in the genus Pogostemon, especially Pogostemon cablin, which yield a highly fragrant