Pacanier

Fresh harvested pecan nuts with leaves on a black bamboo mat.

Carya illinoinensis

Pecan (Wikipedia)

Pecan
Carya illinoinensis.jpg
Carya illinoinensis
Morton Arboretum acc. 1082-39*3
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Fagales
Family:Juglandaceae
Genus:Carya
Section:Carya sect. Apocarya
Species:
C. illinoinensis
Binomial name
Carya illinoinensis
Carya illinoinensis range map 1.png
Natural range of Carya illinoinensis
Synonyms
  • Carya oliviformis (Michx.) Nutt.
  • Carya pecan (Marshall) Engl. & Graebn.
  • Hicorius pecan (Marshall) Britton
  • Juglans illinoinensis Wangenh.
  • Juglans oliviformis Michx.
  • Juglans pecan Marshall

The pecan (Carya illinoinensis) is a species of hickory native to the southern United States and northern Mexico in the region of the Mississippi River. The tree is cultivated for its seed in the southern United States, primarily in Georgia, New Mexico, and Texas, and in Mexico, which produces nearly half of the world total. The seed is an edible nut used as a snack and in various recipes, such as praline candy and pecan pie. The pecan, in various aspects, is included in state symbols of Alabama, Arkansas, California, Oklahoma, and Texas.

Pecan (Wiktionary)

English

Alternative forms

  • paccan, peccan (dated, possibly obsolete)

Etymology

Borrowed from French pacane and at first spelt paccan. The French word derives from an Algonquian word, perhaps Miami (Illinois) pakani. Compare Cree pakan (hard nut), Ojibwe bagaan, Abenaki pagann, bagôn, pagôn (nut; walnut, hazelnut).

Pronunciation

  • Rhymes: -ɑːn, -æn, -ɔːn, -iːkən

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