|White flowers of Retama rhodorhizoides|
4–14; see text.
Retama is a genus of flowering bushes in the legume family, Fabaceae. It belongs to the broom tribe, Genisteae. Retama broom bushes are found natively in North Africa, the Levant and some parts of southern Europe. Retama raetam and Retama monosperma have white flowers, while Retama sphaerocarpa has yellow flowers. It remains an open question in taxonomy whether the members of the genus Retama should be incorporated into the genus Genista (see Genisteae).
The species contain cytisine, a toxic alkaloid.
In the Spanish language the name "retama" is in common use for broom bushes in general, including the genus Retama.
From the genus name.
retama (plural retamas)
- (botany) Any of the genus Retama of flowering bushes.
- Matera, Tamera, tramae
Arabic رَتَم (ratam).
retama f (plural retamas)
- (botany) Spanish broom, Spartium junceum