R. × damascena
Rosa × damascena, more commonly known as the Damask rose, or sometimes as the rose of Castile, is a rose hybrid, derived from Rosa gallica and Rosa moschata. DNA analysis has shown that a third species, Rosa fedtschenkoana, has made some genetic contributions to the Damask rose.
The flowers are renowned for their fine fragrance, and are commercially harvested for rose oil (either "rose otto" or "rose absolute") used in perfumery and to make rose water and "rose concrete". The flower petals are also edible. They may be used to flavor food, as a garnish, as an herbal tea, and preserved in sugar as gulkand.
damask rose (plural damask roses)
- A cultivated rose of the hybrid species Rosa × damascena, derived from Rosa gallica, Rosa moschata, and Rosa fedtschenkoana.
- (Rosa × damascena): rose of Castile
- damask rose on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- Rosa × damascena on Wikispecies.Wikispecies
- Rosa × damascena on Wikimedia Commons.Wikimedia Commons
- damask rose at USDA Plants database