Asafoetida

Asafoetida cake and powder or Hing or Heeng which is an important ingredient in Indian food recipes with big wooden spoon and mortar, selective focus

Ferula assafoetida

Synonyms:
Ferula Foetida, Hing, Heeng, Devil's Dung
Ferula_assafoetida (Wikipedia)

Ferula assa-foetida
Asa foetida Kaempfer.jpg
The first botanical illustration of
Ferula assa-foetida (1712)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Apiales
Family:Apiaceae
Genus:Ferula
Species:
F. assa-foetida
Binomial name
Ferula assa-foetida
Synonyms
  • Ferula foetida St.-Lag.
  • Narthex polakii Stapf
  • Narthex silphium Oerst.
  • Peucedanum assa-foetida (L.) Baill.
  • Peucedanum hooshee (Lindl. ex Descourt.) Baill.
  • Scorodosma assa-foetida (L.) H.Karst.

Ferula assa-foetida is a species of Ferula endemic to Southern Iran. It is the source of asafoetida, but its production is confined to Southern Iran, especially the area near Lar.

Outsite its native range (such as Eastern Iran, Afghanistan, Central Asia), other asafoetida-producing species are often misidentified as F. assa-foetida. For example, F. foetida is mistaken for F. assa-foetida in Flora of the U.S.S.R. and Flora of Pakistan. In a molecular phylogenetic study, all the plant samples of F. assa-foetida collected in Central Iran were clustered with other species such as F. alliacea and F. gabrielii instead of with the verified sample of F. assa-foetida collected in Southern Iran. Chemical analyses of asafoetida samples obtained from local markets also showed that asafoetida-producing species in Eastern Iran were F. lutensis, F. foetida, F. alliacea, etc., instead of F. assa-foetida.

F. pseudalliacea and F. rubricaulis endemic to westen and southwestern Iran are sometimes considered conspecific with F. assa-foetida.

Asafoetida (Wiktionary)

English

Alternative forms

  • asafetida
  • assafetida (dated)
  • assafoetida, assa-fœtida

Etymology

Late Middle English, from Medieval Latin asafoetida, from Persian ازا / آزا(azâ, âzâ, mastic) + Latin foetida, feminine of foetidus (bad-smelling).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˌæsəˈfɛtɪdə/

Noun

asafoetida (uncountable)

  1. A resinous gum from the stem and roots of genus Ferula, especially
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