Banyan

Ficus benghalensis in India

Ficus benghalensis

Synonyms:
Banyan Fig, Indian Banyan
Ficus_benghalensis (Wikipedia)

Banyan
Great banyan tree kol.jpg
The Great Banyan in Howrah, Kolkata
Banyan fruit Ficusbenghalensis IGZoopark Visakhapatnam.JPG
Banyan figs at Indira Gandhi Zoo Park, Visakhapatnam
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Rosids
Order:Rosales
Family:Moraceae
Genus:Ficus
Subgenus:F. subg. Urostigma
Species:
F. benghalensis
Binomial name
Ficus benghalensis
L. 1753
Synonyms
  • Ficus banyana Oken
  • Ficus benghalensis var. krishnae (C. D. C.) Corner
  • Ficus chauvieri G. Nicholson
  • Ficus cotoneifolia Vahl
  • Ficus cotonifolia Stokes
  • Ficus crassinervia Kunth & C. D. Bouché
  • Ficus karet Baill.
  • Ficus krishnae C. D. C.
  • Ficus lancifolia Moench
  • Ficus lasiophylla Link
  • Ficus procera Salisb.
  • Ficus pubescens B. Heyne ex Roth
  • Ficus umbrosa Salisb.
  • Perula benghalensis Raf.
  • Urostigma benghalense (L.) Gasp.
  • Urostigma crassirameum Miq.
  • Urostigma procerum Miq.
  • Urostigma pseudorubrum Miq.
  • Urostigma rubescens Miq.
  • Urostigma sundaicum Miq.
  • Urostigma tjiela Miq.

Ficus benghalensis, commonly known as the banyan, banyan fig and Indian banyan, is a tree native to the Indian Subcontinent. Specimens in India are among the largest trees in the world by canopy coverage.

Banyan (Wiktionary)

English

Wikispecies

Alternative forms

  • banian, bannian

Etymology

From Portuguese baniano, from Arabic بَنِيَان(baniyān), from Gujarati વાણિયો (vāṇiyo, merchant), from Sanskrit वाणिज (vāṇijá), from earlier वणिज् (vaṇíj, merchant, trader). The name appears to have been first bestowed popularly on a famous tree of this species growing near Bandar Abbas, under which the Bannians or Hindu traders settled at that port, had built a little

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