Borage

Blue borage flowers in the garden (Borago officinalis). Concept of herbal medicine and healthy eating. Selective focus.

Borago officinalis

Synonyms:
Starflower, Gaozaban
Borage (Wikipedia)

Borage
Borage starflower Rohtopurasruoho 01.jpg
Borage flower
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Boraginales
Family:Boraginaceae
Genus:Borago
Species:
B. officinalis
Binomial name
Borago officinalis
Synonyms
Synonymy
  • Borago advena Gilib.
  • Borago aspera Gilib.
  • Borago hortensis L.

Borage (/ˈbʌrɪ/ (About this soundlisten) or /ˈbɒrɪ/; Borago officinalis), also known as a starflower, is an annual herb in the flowering plant family Boraginaceae. It is native to the Mediterranean region, and has naturalized in many other locales. It grows satisfactorily in gardens in most of Europe, such as Denmark, France, Germany, and the United Kingdom, remaining in the garden from year to year by self-seeding. The leaves are edible and the plant is grown in gardens for that purpose in some parts of Europe.The plant is also commercially cultivated for borage seed oil extracted from its seeds. The plant contains pyrrolizidine alkaloids, some of which are hepatotoxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic (see below under Phytochemistry).

High resolution scan of a Borage stem
Borage (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From Middle English borage, that borrowed from Old French borage (compare French bourrache), from Medieval Latin borrago, either from Latin borra (short wool, rough hair) or Arabic أَبُو العَرَق(ʾabū l-ʿaraq, literally father of sweat).

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈbɒɹ.ɪdʒ/

Noun

borage (usually uncountable, plural borages)

  1. Borago officinalis, a Mediterranean plant with rough
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