Caladium

Caladium bicolor Vent leaf, Background texture

Caladium bicolor, caladium seguinum

Caladium (Wikipedia)

Caladium
Caladium schomburgkii changjur-1-yercaud-salem-India.JPG
Caladium schomburgkii
Scientific classification e
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Monocots
Order:Alismatales
Family:Araceae
Subfamily:Aroideae
Tribe:Caladieae
Genus:Caladium
Vent.
Caladium distribution.svg
Range of the genus Caladium
Synonyms
  • Phyllotaenium André
  • Aphyllarum S.Moore

Caladium /kəˈldiəm/ is a genus of flowering plants in the family Araceae. They are often known by the common name elephant ear (which they share with the closely related genera Alocasia, Colocasia, and Xanthosoma), heart of Jesus, and angel wings. There are over 1000 named cultivars of Caladium bicolor from the original South American plant.

The genus Caladium includes seven species that are native to South America and Central America, and naturalized in India, parts of Africa, and various tropical islands. They grow in open areas of the forest and on the banks of rivers and go dormant during the dry season. The wild plants grow to 15–35 inches (40–90 cm) tall, with leaves mostly 6-18 inches (15–45 cm) long and broad.

Caladium (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From the genus name.

Noun

caladium (plural caladiums)

  1. Any of the genus Caladium of flowering plants, especially an ornamental cultivar of Caladium bicolor.
    • 1985, Wade Davis, The Serpent and the Rainbow, Simon & Schuster, p. 46:
      And everywhere Dominican girls in tight-fitting rayon hung heavy in doorways lined with caladium.

Translations

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