Eggplant

Ripe purple eggplants growing in the vegetable garden. Shallow depth of field, selective focus.

Solanum melongena

Nightshades

Synonyms:
Brinjal, Aubergine
Eggplant (Wikipedia)

Eggplant
Solanum melongena 24 08 2012 (1).JPG
The fruit developing on the plant
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Solanales
Family:Solanaceae
Genus:Solanum
Species:
S. melongena
Binomial name
Solanum melongena
Synonyms

Solanum ovigerum Dunal
Solanum trongum Poir.
and see text

Eggplant (US, Australia, New Zealand, anglophone Canada), aubergine (UK, Ireland, Quebec, and most of mainland Western Europe) or brinjal (South Asia, Singapore, Malaysia, South Africa) is a plant species in the nightshade family Solanaceae. Solanum melongena is grown worldwide for its edible fruit.

Most commonly purple, the spongy, absorbent fruit is used in several cuisines. Typically used as a vegetable in cooking, it is a berry by botanical definition. As a member of the genus Solanum, it is related to the tomato, chili pepper, and potato, although those are of the new world where the eggplant, like nightshade, is old world. Like the tomato, its skin and seeds can be eaten, but, like the potato, it is usually eaten cooked. Eggplant is nutritionally low in macronutrient and micronutrient content, but the capability of the fruit to absorb oils and flavors into its flesh through cooking expands its use in the culinary arts.

It was originally domesticated from the wild nightshade species thorn or bitter apple, S. incanum, probably with two independent domestications: one in South Asia, and one in East Asia. In 2018, China and India combined accounted for 87% of the world production of eggplants.

Eggplant (Wiktionary)

English

Alternative forms

  • egg-plant

Etymology

egg +‎ plant, originally applied only to the white-colored variety.

Pronunciation

Noun

eggplant (countable and uncountable, plural eggplants) (Canada, US, Australia, New Zealand)

  1. (Canada, US, Australia, New Zealand) The plant Solanum melongena.
  2. (Canada, US, Australia, New Zealand) The edible fruit of the Solanum melongena: an aubergine.
  3. (Canada, US
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