Fenugreek (//; Trigonella foenum-graecum) is an annual plant in the family Fabaceae, with leaves consisting of three small obovate to oblong leaflets. It is cultivated worldwide as a semiarid crop. Its seeds and leaves are common ingredients in dishes from the Indian subcontinent, and has been used as a culinary ingredient since ancient times. Also used in traditional medicine, fenugreek can increase the risk for serious medical side effects, though its culinary use (in smaller quantities) is safe. Fenugreek is not approved or recommended for clinical use by any governmental health agency.
From Middle English fenygreke, fenegrek, from Old French fenugrec, fengrec, from Latin foenum-graecum, from foenum (“hay”, variant of faenum) + graecum (“Greek”, neuter form of graecus), literally “Greek hay”.
- IPA(key): /ˈfɛnjʊˌɡɹiːk/, /ˈfɛnjəˌɡɹiːk/
- Hyphenation: fen‧u‧greek
fenugreek (usually uncountable, plural...