Gentian

Blue blooming gentian in Alpes

Gentianella amarella

Gentianella amarella
Gentiana amarella L ag1.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Clade:Angiosperms
Clade:Eudicots
Clade:Asterids
Order:Gentianales
Family:Gentianaceae
Genus:Gentianella
Species:
G. amarella
Binomial name
Gentianella amarella

Gentianella amarella, the autumn gentian, autumn dwarf gentian, or autumn felwort, is a species of flowering plant in the gentian family, Gentianaceae. It is found throughout Northern Europe, the western and northern United States, and Canada.

It is a short biennial plant with elliptical to lanceolate leaves. The flowers are purplish bells between 12 and 22 mm long. It flowers between July and September. Its habitat is in grass, often on lime-rich soil (in England typically on chalk).

Gentian (Wiktionary)

English

Wikispecies

Etymology

Via Middle English from Latin gentiāna, which, according to Pliny, was named after Gentius, the last king of Illyria, who supposedly discovered the plant's medicinal benefits. This has been dismissed as folk etymology but the word may still ultimately be of Illyrian origin, as -an is a common suffix in Illyrian words.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): /ˈdʒɛn(t)ʃən/

Noun

gentian (plural gentians)

  1. Any of various herbs of the family Gentianaceae found in temperate and mountainous regions with violet or blue flowers.
    • 1956, Delano Ames, Crime out of Mind,[1], chapter 1:
      On the cover of the leaflet advertising the Alpenrose Gasthof in Zirl am Gurgl []
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