Ginkgo Biloba

ginkgo biloba tree in diminishing perspective in the fall with green leaves, slowly turning yellow

Ginkgo Biloba

Ginkgo Biloba (Wikipedia)

Ginkgo biloba
Temporal range: 51.5–0 Ma Early Eocene (Ypresian) - Present
GINKGOBAUM-2.jpg
Mature tree
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Division:Ginkgophyta
Class:Ginkgoopsida
Order:Ginkgoales
Family:Ginkgoaceae
Genus:Ginkgo
Species:
G. biloba
Binomial name
Ginkgo biloba
Synonyms
  • Ginkgo macrophylla K.Koch
  • Pterophyllus salisburiensis J.Nelson, nom. illeg.
  • Salisburia adiantifolia Sm., nom. illeg.
  • Salisburia biloba (L.) Hoffmanns.
  • Salisburia ginkgo Rich., nom. illeg.
  • Salisburia macrophylla Reyn.

Ginkgo biloba, commonly known as ginkgo or gingko (both pronounced /ˈɡiŋk/ or /ˈɡɪŋk/), also known as the maidenhair tree, is a species of tree native to China. It is the only living species in the order Ginkgoales, which first appeared over 290 million years ago. Fossils very similar to the living species, belonging to the genus Ginkgo, extend back to the Middle Jurassic approximately 170 million years ago. The tree is widely cultivated, and was cultivated early in human history.

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