Larch

a group of purple juvenile upright cones of a larch - Larix decidua

Larix decidua

Synonyms:
European Larch
Larix_decidua (Wikipedia)

Larix decidua
European larch
L'A de Bran, (1798 m) Val d'Anniviers. Europese larix (Larix decidua) 01.JPG
European larch in l'A Bran, (1798 m) Val d'Annivier.
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom:Plantae
Clade:Tracheophytes
Division:Pinophyta
Class:Pinopsida
Order:Pinales
Family:Pinaceae
Genus:Larix
Species:
L. decidua
Binomial name
Larix decidua
Larix decidua range.svg
Distribution:
  Larix decidua subsp. decidua
  Larix decidua subsp. carpatica
  Larix decidua subsp. polonica
Synonyms
List
    • Abies larix (L.) J.St.-Hil.
    • Larix caducifolia Gilib.
    • Larix europaea DC.
    • Larix excelsa Link
    • Larix gracilis A.Dietr.
    • Larix larix (L.) H.Karst.
    • Larix pyramidalis Salisb.
    • Larix sudetica Domin
    • Larix vulgaris Fisch. ex Spach
    • Peuce larix (L.) Rich.
    • Picea larix (L.) Peterm.
    • Pinus laeta Salisb.
    • Pinus larix L.

Larix decidua, the European larch, is a species of larch native to the mountains of central Europe, in the Alps and Carpathian Mountains as well as the Pyrenees, with disjunct lowland populations in northern Poland and southern Lithuania. It is widely naturalized in Scandinavia. Its life span has been confirmed to be close to 1000 years (with claims of up to 2000 years) but is more often around 200 years. It is claimed that one of the larches planted by the second Duke of Atholl at Dunkeld in 1738 is still standing.

Larch (Wiktionary)

English

Etymology

From early modern German Larche, Lärche, from Middle High German larche, from Old High German larihha, early borrowing from Latin larix, itself possibly of Gaulish origin.

Pronunciation

  • (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈlɑːtʃ/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈlɑɹtʃ/
  • Rhymes: -ɑː(r)tʃ

Noun

larch (plural larches)

  1. (countable) A coniferous tree, of genus Larix, having deciduous leaves, in fascicles.
    • 1665, John
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